POLI exam notes 6
What is the most fundamental job of the Leviathan. What kinds of powers does
the Leviathan need to do this job.
The Leviathan is the foundation of true knowledge and the embodied power
enforcing civil peace
Use fear to prevent the recu
POLI Exam notes 8
What are the primary characteristics of the Enlightenment? What aspects of
Enlightenment thinking are challenged by Rousseau?
Characteristics of the Enlightenment (1700-1780s)
Confidence in the emancipatory power of reason
Selfish vs. Solipsistic: selfish is being aware of others but choosing not to
accommodate them. While solipsistic is being self-absorbed to the point where
we are unavoidably shut up in our own sensations.
Divine Right of Kings:
POLI150 question response
Although it may behoove Socrates and minds of his stamp to acquire virtue
through reason, the human race would have perished long ago it its preservation
had depended only on the reasonings of its members. (Second Discourse, p.
POLS150 Exam Notes 1
Felicity - Hobbes
Continual success in obtaining those things which a man from time to time
desireth. That is to say continually prosper.
We are constantly seeking power, therefore objects of desire. There is no utmos
POLI exam notes 5
We are prone to severe Anxiety and Paranoia
o We are driven by fear and anxiety. Fears are always present. We are
fearful because we know other people want the same things we do, so
enamored with power we predominantly live with knowing
POLI exam notes 7
Compare Rousseaus idea of a social contract to that of Hobbes. What is required
to maintain Rousseaus social contract? Why is this necessary?
Hobbes: the people give the ruler his power and legitimate rule is based on the
POLI150 Exam Notes 2
Natural law - Hobbes
Sparknotes: A general rule discovered by reason that forbids a person from
doing anything destructive to her own life and gives her the right of selfpreservation. The laws of nature state that human beings must s
POLI150 exam notes 4
diffidence - Hobbes
Life is nasty, brutish, and short
Uncertainty and lacking confidence
Diffidence leads to war
People are constantly seeking and constantly seeking the same things, so when
they see other people with more things,
Decline of feudalism and emergence of
European nation states
1378-1417 The Great Schism (rival popes)
1453 Hundred Years War (France and England)
1479-1516 Ferdinand & Isabella consolidate power
15th and 16th C: Italian Renaissance (e.g.
POLI150 Exam notes 3
English Civil War - Event
bloody battles between Charles/monarchy supporters and parliament supporters
multiple factions aligned with royalists & parliament
Oliver Cromwell emerges as the leader of the armies loyal to pa
Explain and Comment Paper 1
In all cities there are three parts of the city, the very well off, the very poor, and the
third, those in the middle between thesea middling possession is the best. (The