Biology 301 - Problem Sets 1, 2 & 3!
1. You are interested in studying populations of the purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea, a
plant that lives in prairie fragments. In your study area, you have identified several prairie
fragments that have pop
1. Consider a gene with two alleles. What equation describes the frequencies of the alleles in a
(p = the frequency of the first allele, q the frequency of the 2nd allele, and since there are no
other alleles, the frequencies of these tw
Beak of the Finch essays -adaptation -natural variation -theme of studies -Natural selection -Darwinism and its ideas Two major points o Evolution descent with modification explains both the unity and diversity of life All organisms are related by an ance
Ecology Exam 3 Competition- species interactions competition- any use of defense of a resource by one individual that reduces the availability of that resource to other individuals competition leads to a decrease in carrying capacity no competition= highe
Spatial and Temoral Variation Problems (Chapter 12)
1. Imagine that youre interested in frog populations, and are studying the metapopulation of
Hyla versicolor found in the Piedmont region. Each sub-population is associated with a
particular lake. There
Definition: the study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present,
and the relationships among living things through time; relationships are
visualized as evolutionary trees
catalog and name, discover phylogenetic relationshi
Introduction to Evolution
Evolution - the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have
developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth
Quote: "The affinities of all the beings of the same c
1.1 An Introduction
In 1913, Niels Bohr introduced a set of predictions about the atom. Bohr
depicted an atom as a miniature solar system with the concentric electron
paths forming the planetary orbits and the nucleus at the center like the sun.
What is Darwinism?
by Joel Hanes (pg. 12-14)
Darwinism vs. Neo-Darwinism:
Darwinism - origin of species through natural selection
neo-Darwinism (modern synthesis) - Darwinism + genetics
genetic is hard inheritance
From Erust Mayr:
Early Concepts of Evolution: Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Darwin was not the first to come up with the idea of speciation.
In the 18th century, Buffon and other naturalist started to question creationism.
Fossil Evidence of Evolution
Understand the relevant information provided by the rocks and fossils; how does this
evidence support evolution?
Geologic Time: understand the basic layout, and important events (origins and
Evolution as Fact and Theory
by Stephen Jay Gould (pg. 6-11)
Stephen J. Goulds comments:
common public idea of theory is imperfect fact (incorrect)
facts are the worlds data
theories structures of ideas that explain and interpret facts - The Cell Theor
Taxonomy, Comparative Anatomy, Embryology
The study of identification and nomenclature - leads to biodiversity
alpha taxonomy - identifies new form
Ex: Greenland seal is distinct from a harbor seal
beta taxonomy - shows discontinuity from ot
Origins and History of Evolutionary Thought
Endemic: only found in one location
galapagos mocking birds
marsupials - dont have extraembryonic membranes like placentals
Gondwana - southern hemisphere
Africa, Australia, Antarctica, India
Test #3: Critical Thinking Questions
Chapter 13 Respiration: #4,5,7,8
4. How do marine teleosts eliminate excessive salts acquired from their marine
We've all heard the phrase, "drink like a fish". Fact of the matter is, most marine fishes
Definition: the study of allele and genotype frequencies in natural populations (a population is
a group of interbreeding individuals and their offspring).
frequency - how often a trait occurs
How to find frequency
IN SEARCH OF HUMA;N ORIGINS
LAB #8: PART ONE
1. What is the Great Rift Valley, and why is it so important to the hut for human origins?
East Africa, location of Lucy
many good fossils found here of many different species, exposed the last 15
How Did We Get Here?
by Steve Mirsky (pg. 1-5)
Important People in the Development of Evolutionary Theory:
Erasmus Darwin and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
E. Darwin published Zoonomia in 1794 - evolutionary account for life
ED and JBL thought acquired traits
BEAK OF THE FINCH BONUS RESPONSE
After reading The Beak of the Finch, the reader cannot overlook the fact that even
though evolution occurred seemingly rapidly for the finches, but this evolutionary
timeline can be paralleled to that of human evolution, a
Biology 301 Notes 11/12/2013
Final Exam IS cumulative!
What is a niche?
What is character displacement?
Biodiversity encompasses biological variation at multiple levels:
- genetic variation within populations and species
- morpho and functional variatio
Using the formula below, r = [ln(Nend) - ln(Nstart)] / (number of years) You have
data from a frog population sampled in 1911 and 1921, with and N(1911) = 30
and N(1921) = 352 what is your estimate of r?
r = ln(352) - ln(30) / 10
r = 5.86 - 3.4 / 10
r = 0
Brad Trent Biology 301: Ecology & Evolution
Beak of the Finch Discussion #4
Explain why there was a shift in whether hybrids were favored or selected against.
Hybrids were, earlier in the book, less favored upon because they were so un
Brad Trent Biology 301: Ecology & Evolution
Beak of the Finch Discussion #5
What is the metaphysical crossbeak? How is it (whatever it is) similar to and
different from a real crossbeak?
Our gift of consciousness makes us the metaphysi