Introduction to Cognitive Cognitive Psychology
Games Make You Smarter
Improve Improve Improve
perceptual abilities pattern recognition attention
Able to distinguish subtle shades of gray Better able to identify incoming stimuli Better able to sta
The Computer Metaphor and Information Processing
Information Processing Model
Humans are processors of information like computers, and information processing supports thought and behavior. Representation and processes that operate on these re
Stop moving your eyes and the illusion disappears. Fixate on the cross-hairs in the center.
We can make the movement stop by taking out depth cues.
The world may be perceived differently from what reality!
Why is perception so c
What is attention? Why do we need attention?
Bottom-up vs. top-down influences:
Earl selection (Broadbent's Filter theor ) Early theory) Attenuated selection (Treisman's leaky filter theory). Late selection (Norman's Pert
Pervasive in Everything we Do
Making decisions based on experience Where's the cereal? Remembering appointments & faces Orienting yourself in space & time gy p Remembering people Remembering how to do things (skills) Preferences Personal identity Learnin
Some questions Long Term Memory (LTM) ( )
Different Kinds of LTM
Episodic: specific events that have happened to the person having the memory
Where did I park my car. When did I last meet you.
Semantic: knowledge about the
Long Term Memory Structure
Stores general world knowledge (e.g., concepts and categories).
Two early models of semantic memory
What is imagery, & what is it for? The study of imagery in psychology Imagery and perception The imagery debate Physiological evidence Spatial representations
What is it? What is it for?
Carson City Nevada or San Diego, California?
Language vs. communication Do animals have language? What is language Areas in the study of language Speech perception Understanding words, sentences, and discourse Does language influence thought?
The birds and animals are all friendly to each other and
Any discrepancy between a present situation and a desired goal
A narrower definition:
There exists an obstacle between a present state and a goal, and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle.
45 multiple choice questions, equal number
from each chapter 1 short answer (5-8 sentences), choose from among 3 questions. Possible topics:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Change blindness Aphasias Methods for studying the brains of intact humans Donders/Ebbi
Today's Agenda Psychology 405
Course Requirements Course Introduction
Amit Almor psycholinguistics, language and memory
Class discussion will not summarize the readings but will complement it. To be successful in this