Observational Learning Learning
I. Definition I.
Learning that occurs when an observer Learning watches a models behavior and changes their own behavior accordingly social in nature nature Lion cubs learn to hunt by watching their mother mothe
I. Types I.
Reinforcement that decreases behavior A. Positive Punishment Positive B. Negative Punishment (Omission) loss B. Negative of a positive reinforcer (R) of 1. Time-out loss of access to + R - If poorly applied, pro
Stimulus Control of Behavior
Performance of response in appropriate situations what controls the response? Examples: undressing in public; trying to study at home during holidays
II. Stimulus Discrimination
How do we tell if instrumental r
Reinforcement Schedules Schedules
I. Simple Schedules I.
A. Continuous every response is reinforced B. Partial greater resistance to extinction B. than continuous than 1. Ratio Schedules Fixedratio (easier to extinguish) Variable-ratio (harder to extingui
InstrumentalResponse 1.Positivereinforcementcanbe obtainedthrougheitherastereotypic responseorvariabilityofresponses 2.Belongingnesscertain responsesbelongwithcertain reinforcersdu
Operant (Instrumental) Conditioning Conditioning
Presentation of a US depends on the Presentation subjects behavior. A particular response (instrumental response) is required to obtain a specific stimulus or consequence. consequence
I. Definitions I.
Question: Could a species survive without Question: learning? learning? Q: What if an animal learned initially but then Q: stopped learning? stopped Answers: No. Learning helps organisms ada
Amygdala and Memory I. Amygdala involved with: A. Giving emotional content to memory B. Evaluation of social stimuli 1. Recognition of emotion in others faces
2. Judgment of trustworthy faces
C. Learning conditioned responses to stimuli associated with fe
Hippocampus & Memory
I. Types of Memory
A. Declarative (Explicit) facts or events 1. Episodic when and where of your life happenings; autobiographical 2. Semantic persons knowledge about the world; facts B. Non-declarative (Implicit) no conscious recollec