Montgomery Bus Boycott: Outline Dec. 1955-Dec. 1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott. 381 days.
For online materials, see http:/www.montgomeryboycott.com/frontpage.htm Turn of 20th Century. Streetcar boycotts in over 25 cities: Nashville (1905-1907); Austin, Tx. (1
A Brief History of Jim Crow and White Supremacy
Robert Williams at 11 watching Jesse Helms, Sr. [from Tyson, JAH fall, 1998] o Monroe, NC. [near Charlotte and the SC border] 1936. A Saturday. Robert Williams watched Jesse Alexander Helms, a policeman, b
The Great Migration, World War II, and the Civil Rights Movement [Neil Wynn, The Afro-American and the Second World War. Harvard Sitkoff. Pete Daniel.] Introduction: The Good War and the Greatest Generation? I. Context of World War I, the Great Migration,
The Legacies of Emmett Till How should we teach the next generation about Emmett Till? "The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi," William Bradford Huie http:/www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/sfeature/sf_look_confession.html
o J.W. Milam in Huie, L
How Did Clarendon County, South Carolina Change American History?
Reading: Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown V. Board of Education, Ch. 1, Together Let Us Sweetly Live
1950, Briggs v. Elliott. South Carolina Capitol, ~1950
How Did a High School Student in Prince Edward County, Virginia Help End "Separate But Equal"?
April 23, 1951, 11 a.m. o Barbara Johns, 16. [1935-1991]. Ruse and notes for assembly. Strike. Inez Davenport [Jones] to Johns, "Why don't you do something abou
The Brown v. Board of Education Decision 1954: The South as America's biggest problem? Dual school system. Black disfranchisement. Poverty. Employment opportunities for African Americans. Residential segregation. A growing suburbanization exacerbated the
MARCH ON WASHINGTON FOR FREEDOM AND JOBS. August 28, 1963, March on Washington. Peak of the CR movement. Movement activist narrative: http:/www.crmvet.org/tim/tim63b.htm#1963mow Photographs: http:/www.crmvet.org/images/imgmow.htm June 11, 1963. o Stand in
The Black Panthers I. Symbol from Lowndes County Freedom Organization. II. October 1966. Oakland, Black Panther Party for SelfDefense. [selfdefense dropped from title later] a. 1966early 1970s b. September 1968, J. Edgar Hoover, Panthers, "greatest threat
Sit-Ins and the Student Movement
See http:/www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis60.htm and http:/www.sitins.com/index.shtml Sit-In images: http:/www.crmvet.org/images/imgcoll.htm
Background: o 1942: CORE [Congress of Racial Equality] founded. Led sit-ins beginning
THE FREEDOM RIDES CORE. o Began in 1942 in northern cities. Chicago. Pacifist. Pioneered use of non-violence in movement. Bi-racial. James Farmer. o Bayard Rustin, 1912-1987 Quaker. Youth Communist League in late 1930s until 1941. Then socialist opposed t
Little Rock Nine and the School Desegregation Crisis: Outline
The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up
Mississippi: Magnolia State or Closed Society Late Sept-Oct, 1962, Ole Miss. JFK Library web exhibit Issues: federal vs. state authority. South not to change from within without pressure from without. Political balancing. Ross Barnett, 1898-1987. Miss. Go
Loving v. Virginia (1967) "The past is never dead. It isn't even past." -William Faulkner, Requiem for a Nun. http:/memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/sep25.html
http:/www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0388_0001_ZO.html Mildred Jeter, 17, and Richa
Music, Cultural Expression, and the Civil Rights Movement
"People Get Ready": Music and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s, by Brian Ward http:/www.historynow.org/06_2006/historian2.html Online samples: http:/www.historynow.org/06_2006/inter
Malcolm X: Evolution of a Black Radical
Malcolm X. (May 19, 1925 to February 21, 1965). Malcolm Little a. Father Reverend Earl Little. A Garveyite. Omaha, Nebraska. Lansing, Michigan. White supremacy group suspected in attacks on home and then death of Ea
Voting Rights and the Road to Obama
Say it Plain website of speeches. http:/americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/sayitplain/ Also as podcasts on ITunesU.
The election of Barack Obama in 2008 is _.
Voting impediments: o Literacy Tests. [Civil Rights
A Crisis of Victory?: The Urban Crisis and the Dilemmas of Poverty and Inequality I. The Urban Crisis. a. James Baldwin, 1963, "God gave Noah the rainbow sign, No more water, the fire next time!" b. 19631968, 334 civil disorders in over 250 cities. c. "Ci
A Crisis of Victory?: Urban Crisis, Black Power, and the Evolution of a Movement What constituencies would support the institutional changes demanded by the movement by 1965? Was 1965 the high point of the movement? Why did the movement seem to fragment?
Orangeburg, 1968 http:/www.orangeburgmassacre1968.com/ http:/www.orangeburgmassacre1968.com/docs/NiemanReport.pdf
February 6, 1968, Bowling alley protest. o 9 students hospitalized. 1 police officer. Reports of female students being beaten by police.
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Assassination The dilemmas of poverty, economic inequality, jobs, housing, healthcare, police relations. Excellent short biography by Clayborne Carson, editor of the King Papers Project, http:/mlkkpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyc
The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
The dilemmas of poverty, economic inequality, jobs, housing, healthcare, police relations. Excellent short biography by Clayborne Carson, editor of the King Papers Project, http:/mlkkpp01.stanford.edu/index.p