Anatomy & Physiology II: Exam 1
-Sensory input- information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and external changes
-Integration- interpretation of sensory input
-Motor output- activation of effector organs
Anatomy Assignment 1
1. List all types of neuroglia and cite their function.
Neuroglia are much like neurons in that they both have processes that branch out
and include a central body, the difference is that they have a much darker colored nuclei
1. Polydipsia- excessive thirst
Polyuria- excessive urination
2. The water deprivation and hypertonic saline infusion did not result in concentrated
urine because a decreased amount of ADH is linked to diabetes mellitus. The k
Anatomy Assignment 2
1. Yes, he is able to feel pain in his right hand. The transection injury is below the
cervical spine so the arms and chest will not be affected. Yes, he is also able to feel pain
in his right foot. The nerve tract that conducts pain
1. Both the somatic and autonomic nervous systems involve motor fibers, but they differ in what
their effectors are, their pathways, and what their target organs respond to.
The effectors of the somatic nervous system are all skeleta
Chapter 6-Cardiorespiratory Endurance
-One of the four health-related components of Physical fitness
-Most important component of health related physical fitness
-Facilitated by aerobic physical activity
-Important for prevention of cardiovascular
March 25, 2017
1. Describe and then compare and contrast the action potentials of the primary
cardiac pacemaker and primary contractile cells of the heart
The heart has two different types of myocytes, Pacemaker cells and contr
A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing
the Effectiveness of Functional Knee Brace
and Neoprene Sleeve Use After Anterior
Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Trevor B. Birmingham,* PhD, Dianne M. Bryant, PhD, J. Robert Giffin, MD, FRCS(C),
Robert B. Litchfie
What is a nutrient?
A substance in food that is used by the body to promote growth, maintenance, and repair
What are macronutrients and give examples of a few?
Nutrients that make up a bulk of what we eat
Ex/. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, etc
EXSC 224 Exam 1 Study Guide
What are the three things the nervous system does?
Sensory Input, Integration and Motor Output
What are the two division of the nervous system?
The Central Nervous System, and the Peripheral Nervous system
What components make
EXSC 224-001 Summer
June 7th, 2016
Assignment # 3
1) Cletus is at rest. His heart rate is 68 bpm and is under parasympathetic control.
A) What is the neurotransmitter associated with the parasympathetic system and the
EXSC 224 Exam #2
1. What does the autonomic NS do?
a. It innervates the smooth/ cardiac muscles and glands, allows them to operate
subconsciously without need to devote extra brain power to operate them.
2. What are some of the differences between the som
EXSC 224 Exam #3
What are the two circuits in the cardiovascular system?
a. Pulmonary and Systemic
What are the characteristics of the pulmonary circuit?
a. Low pressured, carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs
What are the characteristics of the sy
May 30th, 2016
Assignment # 2
The most common Glucocorticoid secreted by Humans is cortisol. The most common
Mineralocorticoid secreted by Humans is Aldosterone. Both Cortisol and Aldosterone
Exsc 224-001 Summer 2016
May 16th, 2016
1. Define resting membrane potential and describe its electrochemical basis.
The cell membrane of a resting neuron is polarized, meaning it is more negatively
What is threshold as it refers to propagation of the action potential?
The increase in membrane potential caused by activation of enough ACH receptors to
cause the opening of the voltage gated sodium channels
What ion regulates muscle contraction?
Anatomy & Physiology Sec 001
Feburary 19, 2016
1) Explain why serious burns are life threating. Describe how to determine the extent of a burn
and differentiate between first, second and third degree burns.
EXSC 224 Lab Midterm Questions
Define and describe a Fissure
Deep Grove separating the major lobes of the brain
Define and describe the Gyri
Raised areas of grey matter between 2 sulci
Define and describe the Sulci
A shallow groove or furrow that separate
Exsc 224 Lab Summer 2016 midterm
Fissure: Deep groove separating lobes of the brain
Gyrus: Raised ridged region of grey matter, separated by sulci
Sulcus: A groove or furrow, separates 2 gyri
Lateral Sulcus: Divides the frontal and temporal lobes
Anatomy & Physiology Sec 001
February 4, 2016
1) Explain the Principle of Complementarity.
The Principle of Complementarity relies on the subjects of Anatomy, The study of physical
structures of the body an
March 30, 2016
1) When a nerve signal reaches the button its calcium channels open up and allow for
calcium to rush in. The presence of calcium causes the vesicles containing Ach to bind to
1) What is the Cardiorespitory system?
a. The direct relationship between the cardiovascular system and the repertory system
2) Describe what is meant by ventilation.
a. the movement od air into or out of them pulmonary system.
3) What is the adapti
June 16, 2016
1. Describe the inflammatory process. Identify several inflammatory chemicals and
indicate their specific roles.
Inflammation is an immune response in areas of infection or tissue in
Female reproductive anatomy
[fig. 27.10] internal and external female genitalia
hyperplasia occurs during pregnancy to help maintain thickness of the wall while the uterus
increases in size
uterus is mostly smooth muscle
non pregnant female cer
1. Primary sex organs (gonads):
a. Testes and ovaries
i. Produce sex cells (gametes) -Sperm and oocytes (egg)
ii. Secrete steroid sex hormones
1. Androgens (males)
2. Estrogens and progesterone (females)
b. Accessory reprodu
The Cell Theory
1) The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms
2) Organism activity depends on individual and collective activities of cells
3) Principle of complementarity: specific subcellular structures dictate bioche
December 1, 2016
In mitosis, the diploid cell is replicated forming another diploid cell, identical to the parent
cell. The new cell that is produced has the same number of chromosomes as the original parent
cell. Mitosis produces new cells
Anatomy lab jeopardy review
1. What kind of section is this
2. Which articulation connects lower appendicular skeleton to the anxial skelton?
a. Coxal to sacrum
b. Femur to coxal
c. Clavical to sternum
Oxidation of glucose
Complete glucose catabolism requires three pathways
Electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation
1. Greater energy yield
a. Fat-9kcal per gram
b. CHO 4kcal per
Exam 1 Notes
Four Essential Concepts in Physiology:
1. Principle of Complementarity
a. Physiology is dependent on anatomy
b. Anatomy determines the nature of physiology
2. Physiology uses gradients
a. Gradients- difference between 2 locations