COMP CHECK #3 Ch 11
Name: Canasha Simmons Section_ Date_
1. What are the 2 domains of prokaryotes?
Archaea and Bacteria
2. What is the most common infectious bacterial genus in the world, that live only inside the cells of their hosts, usuall
COMP CHECK #4 Ch 12
Name _Canasha Simmons Section_ Date March 12, 2017
1. Briefly define/explain mycosis.
- Mycosis is a disease caused by an infection with fungus, such as ringworm
2. What are the fungi called that infect only the epidermis,
COMP CHECK #7 Ch 16 & 17
Name: Canasha Simmons Section_ Date: 4/3/17
Ch 16 Innate Immunity
1. What is the substance in perspiration that breaks down cell walls of gram-positive bacteria?
2. Which leukocytes function to produce toxi
COMP CHECK #6 Ch 14 & 15
Name: Canasha Simmons Section_ Date_
Ch 14 Principles of Disease and Epidemiology
1. Briefly explain/define the term Infection.
An invasion of the bodys tissues by disease causing agents.
2. Escherichia coli synthesiz
March 2, 2017
Microbiology Homework #2
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States today. There are
more than 200,000 cases in the US each year. It is common in everyone but it is mostly common
COMP CHECK #5 Ch 13
Name Canasha Simmons Section_ Date: March 16, 2017
1. Viruses are said to be obligatory intracellular parasites. Briefly explain/define what this means?
Obligatory intracellular parasites cannot reproduce outside of their
Guided Reading 14.11 14.16
1. How is longevity related to hazard factors?
High hazard factors: high risk of death, tend to reproduce earlier, earlier aging
Low hazard factors: low risk of death, reproduce later, later aging, longer life spans
2. What do a
Guided Reading for Chapter 8.1, 8.5 8.9
1. What is a population?
a. A group of organisms of the same species living in a geographic region
2. What is evolution?
a. A genetic change in the population
b. allele frequencies
3. Describe the 4 mechanisms of ev
Guided Reading 15.1 & 15.6-15.8
1. What is an ecosystem? What are biotic and abiotic elements of ecosystems?
Ecosystem is a community of biological organisms plus the non-living
components with which the organisms interact.
Biotic- The l
Guided Reading 14.1-14.10
1. What is ecology?
Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environments. It can be studied
at many levels.
2. What is population ecology?
3. Describe the following terms as they relate to one another: in
Guided Reading 10.1 10.7
1. What time ago did the Earth form? What time did the first signs of life appear? What is
Made 4.5 billion yrs ago
3.4 billion years ago
Variety among genes and species.
2. Describe the Urey-Miller experiment. What
Guided Reading 10.15-10.18
1. What are the 3 domains of life? Include examples.
Bacteria- common day bacteria (prokaryotes)
Archaea- inhabits nasty places, like bacteria (prokaryotes)
Eukarya- eukaryotes, protists, plants, fungi, and animals.
2. Why are v
Guided Reading 8.10-8.20
1. What does it mean for an organism to be fit?
a. Their ability to reproduce successfully and produce offspring that can reproduce
2. What 3 aspects play a role in the fitness of any individual?
a. An individuals fi
Guided Reading 9.10 9.18
1. Which parent has the greater reproductive investment? Why? Explain how this
relates to male vs female reproductive output/investment.
a. The mothers material contribution to the offspring exceeds the
fathers because more energy
Guided Reading 5.1 5.5
*DNA is a molecule that all living organisms carry in almost every cell in their body.
1. What are the individual units in DNA called? What are some things that are contained within DNA?
Genes- individual units of DNA
Guided Reading 6.1 6.8
1. What is the structural difference between chromatin and chromosomes?
a. The major structural difference between chromatin and chromosomes is that
chromosomes are coiled/condensed/shortened into an X and chromatin are
Chapter 3 Guided Reading: Cells 3.1- 3.3 & 3.13 3.21
1. What is the definition of a cell? The smallest unit of life that can function independently and
perform all the necessary functions of life, including reproducing itself.
What parts make up the moder
Chapter 1 Guided Reading: What is science? What is biology?
1. What is biology?
The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their
morphology, physiology, anatomy, behavior, origin, and distribution.
2. What is meant by
Chapter 3 Guided Reading: Cells 3.4 3.11
1. Describe the function and the structure of the plasma membrane. How do phospholipids aid in
SELECTIVELLY PERMEABLE- picks and choses what comes in and out
Phospholipid bilayer has hydrophilic head a
Guided Reading 7.1 7.8, 7.13
1. What is an allele? How many copies of alleles do you have, and where did you get them from?
a. Alternative version of a gene
b. 2 copies
c. 1 from mom 1 from pop
d. You can only pass down 1 copy to your offspring
2. What is
Guided Reading 6.9 6.18
1. What is the big difference between mitosis and meiosis?
a. Meiosis sexual reproduction, makes sperm and egg
i. Start diploid-end haploid
b. Mitosis asexual reproduction, makes somatic cells
i. Start diploid-end diploid
Chapter 2 Guided Reading: Chemistry
1. (2.1)What are the 4 most common elements in the human body?
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen (chon)
2. (2.5) Describe 4 properties of water that are important to organisms and why they are
important to these organi
Guided Reading 5.6 5.11
1. What are the 2 main parts of protein synthesis?
a. Transcription & Translation
2. What are the main events of transcription (really just step 2) and where does it occur?
a. Happens IN THE NUCLEUS!
b. RNA polymerase ads DNA nucle
Cornea Macula lutea
PUP" Optic nerve
Central artery and
Scleral venous sinus vein of the retina