Experiment 2: Create a Cell
In this experiment, you will create an animal and a plant cell using household items to
observe the difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
30 cm x 30 cm Aluminum Foil (Cell
20 Beads, any color (Rough
1. Identify three major similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Both have ribosomes, DNA and a cell membrane.
Prokaryotic cells contain no organelles while eukaryotic cells have organelles.
Experiment 1: Enzymes in Food
Amylase is used by humans to facilitate digestion. Specifically, it is an enzyme which
breaks down starch molecules into sugar molecules. This is why people sometimes
observe a sweet taste after sucking on a starch-containing
1. Why is cellular respiration necessary for living organisms?
Cellular respiration is crucial because it provides usable energy needed for organisms to do
necessary functions to live.
2. Why is fermentation less effective than respirati