Who wrote "Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of
Jordan's central argument
The moral impasse generated by conflicting views
concerning homosexuality, and the public policy
ramifications of those conflicting views justify
a : the inhibition of criminal behavior by fear especially of
punishment. b : the maintenance of military power for the
purpose of discouraging attack.
A program for reforming the offender to prevent later
An unusual display
To act for another
Law voted on by citiz
T/F: Contractarians don't believe in God.
What is a moral agent?
A being that can be held accountable. Example: humans.
What is a moral patient?
A being that cannot be held accountable. Example: babies,
Yes/No: Are moral patients not i
a conceptual framework to clarify human understanding of
the process and results of ethical judgements
Clarify uncertainty about important choices in life;
resolve disagreements and conflicts of interest,
2 reasons why ethical
Proponent against legalization of drugs; says the war on
drug has deterred use of drugs like heroin due to making
prices of the drug higher and stated abusing drugs isn't a
Proponent for moral right to use drugs; Cost of wa
There are no moral truths that hold across cultures or
times-no objective moral standards by which universally
to judge people's actions as right or wrong across different
cultures or times. What is truly right and wrong is always
the year of the lord
the termination of a pregnancy involving the death of the
something that is done or performed
anointed, covered in oil/ literal translation of Messiah
What are the two types of retributivism according to
1. Lex talianas (an eye for an eye)
2. Proportional retributivism: Punishment meets crime in
terms of severity.
Two approaches to Lex Talianas
1. Kantian Approach: Focuses on the criminal and ke
whatever is natural is moral
whatever I think is right is
Whatever my culture thinks is right is
Greatest possible amount of happiness for everyone.
Action solely determined by conse
Not morally acceptable.
Wrong not to do
Neither right nor wrong
Having a right to
Legally able to
The process in which an individual tries to determine the
difference between what is right and what
An argument is sound, if and only if it is valid and all of its
premises are true and its conclusion is true; CANNOT have
a false conclusion
An argument is valid, if it is impossible for the premises to
be true and the conclusion to be
An action is right only if it produces the best ratio of
pleasure to pain of all the relevant alternatives
An action is right if it produces an optimific result
Good=Happiness or Well Being
Bentham's Hedonic Calcul
Noninferential Passage: Watch out that you don't slip on
Noninferential Passage:Whatever you do, never confide
personal secrets to Blabbermouth Bob.
piece of advice
Noninferential Passage: You should keep a few things in
Fallacies of Relevance
- Appeal to Force
- Appeal to Pity
- Appeal to the People
- Argument Against the Person (Ad Hominen)
- Straw Man
- Missing the Point
- Red Herring
Appeal to Force
Fallacy of Relevance
- do this or I'll hurt you
Set of propositions (a sentence that is true or false)
containing at least 1 premise and a conclusion.
a term with more than 1 meaning.
An unclear term.
Any sentence that is true or false and supported by the
does not contain any other statement as a component
contains two or more statements as components
part of a compound statement that is itself a statement,
and is of such a nature that, if replaced in the large
a sentence which is either true or false
a statement in which the truth value can be determined
from the statement itself
types of self-supporting statements
1. self-report 2. statements which are true or false by
Who was called the "father of logic"?
Who laid the ground work for modern Symbolic Logic?
Give the name of one philosopher who made advances in
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
Who Pioneered the theories about induction th
the study of methods for evaluating whether the premises
of an argument adequately support its conclusion
a set of statements where some of the statements, called
the premises, are intended to support another, called the
Fallacies of Relevance
Arguments that have premises that do not lead to the truth
of the conclusions. They introduce an irrelevancy to the
Ad Fontem Arguments
These arguments FOCUS ON THE SOURCE of the
argument, RATHER THAN THE ISSUE ITSELF.
What is a logical argument?
A set of statements, one of which appears to be implied or
supported by the others.
What is a premise?
Premises are those statements in a logical argument that
support or imply the conclusion.
What are some words that introduce
(1) The component of a conditional statement immediately
following the word "if,"
(2) The component of a conditional statement to the left of
A group of statements, one or more of which (the
premises) are claimed to provi
branch of philosophy related to morals, principles, and
Uses reason and logic to analyze problems/find solutions
Ethics: concerned with what?
Concerned with actions and practices that improve welfare
of people in a moral way
What is Health Care Ethics ?
1. The application of ethics to the field of health care
2. The ethical principles, rules, and values that guide
physicians in their interactions with patients and other
health professionals in clinical care and research
Morality of Duty
Morality of Duty-=basic rules without which an ordered society is
impossible, or without which an ordered society directed
toward certain specific goals must fail in its mark
What are the two major categories of ethical theori
47. IVF: The Simple Case, Peter Singer
Singer addresses seven moral objections that have been lodged against in vitro fertilization (IVF), focusing on its use in the
simple case (a married, infertile couple use an egg taken from the wife and sperm taken f
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE:
Chapter 8 Reproductive Technology
1. The uniting of sperm and egg in a laboratory dish, instead of inside a womans body, is called
a. Ovarian stimulation
b. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
*c. In vitro fertilization (IVF)