SCIENCE AND THE MODERN WORLD: IN-CLASS MINI-ASSIGNMENT
1. Identify the argument form and the formal fallacy:
a. If p, then q
It is a valid argument form (Modus Ponens), containing no formal fallacy.
b. If p, then q
Science involves controversy
Interpretation of data, evaluation of hypotheses, significance
of discoveries, reliability of methods, and so on.
Argued by qualified, competent scientists.
The following are all arguments, but can you identify the conclusion? Are there key words
that help you identify these as arguments?
A coin has been tossed twelve times and has shown a head each time, so the
coin is probably unfair.
We can suspect t
to the person (ad hominem)
Dont bother listening to him about mechanics, hes poor and cant afford a car.
Bill: "I believe that abortion is morally wrong."
Dave: "Of course you would say that, you're a priest."
Bill: "What about the argu
20-40 Word Answers
1. The empirical approach is identified as knowledge that is derived within self- experience.
It places am emphasis on important observations and data within science. It says it is all
science, and there is no dema
1. What did Ariely add to the beer?
2. According to Popper, was Einsteins theory of general relativity falsifiable?
3. According to Popper, was Freuds theory of psychoanalysis falsifiable?
4. What led to the discovery of the planet Neptune?
1. What is confirmation bias?
2. What is the bandwagon effect?
3. What is the better-than-average effect?
4. What is the overconfidence effect?
5. What is the availability heuristic?
6. What is the bias blind spot?
7. What is a created controversy?
1. Why does Kuhns description of change within normal science not fit with standard empiricist
attitudes towards scientific change?
2. Why does Kuhns description of change within revolutionary science not fit with standard
empiricist attitudes towa
1. How would the Earths climate be different if all atmospheric gases were transparent to all
2. Why was John Tyndall interested in the effects of atmospheric composition on global climates?
3. The estimates of Arrhenius and Hog
SCIENCE AND THE MODERN WORLD
Department of Philosophy
Creating Scientific Controversies:
Uncertainty and Bias in Science and
15+15+15+15 = 60
2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2 = 20
Which informal fallacy, if any, is being committed?
1. The Daily News carried an article this morning about three local teenagers who were arrested
on charges of drug possession. Teenagers these days are nothing but a bunch of junkies.
2. There are very m
SCIENCE AND THE MODERN WORLD
Our society typically grants science significant authority
But its not entirely clear why
And thats a problem special interest groups are thereby able to deceive us
Created appearance of
Anatomy of an argument
Onychonycteris finneyi is a primitive bat species which
dates to about 50 million years ago.
A well-preserved fossil demonstrates, among other things,
a short wing.
The ears of the fossil appear too
Give an example, in English, of an argument that has the form of Modus Ponens.
Give an example, in English, of an argument that has the form of Modus Tollens.
Give an example, in English, of an argument that has the form of Disjunctive Syll
In the following examples, a common effect is apparent throughout some population. Think
of ways to explain these events. Explain how this exercise is related to Mills Method of
1. You have a flat tire on the way to work. When you
Mini-assignment 1 Huisong SUN
September 4, 2012
Question: What is the problem of demarcation? How do you think distinguish between science
In the field of philosophy, the demarcation problem is how to demarcate science from
Question: When should I or when shouldnt I trust my subjective experience?
Some of our subjective experiences based on the laws of science or the laws
of nature, and we may pick up these experiences from daily life before we learn the
knowledge to explain
Mini-assignment 3Qi Zhang
September 22, 2013
The scientific revolution I want to talk about is the discovery of DNA double helix
structure by Dr. J.D.Waston and Dr.Francis Harry Compton Crick in 1953. They got the 1962s
Nobel Prize i
Question: Give an example of a stereotype, and try to find scientific researches that support or
reject the stereotype.
Stereotypes and Gender Differences
A stereotype is a belief mostly concerned with certain types of individuals, such as two
Mini-assignment 5 Huisong SUN
October 23, 2012
The following are all arguments, but can you identify the conclusion? Are there key
words that help you identify these as arguments?
A coin has been tossed twelve times and has shown a head each time, so t
Mini-assignment Huisong SUN
November 8, 2012
Question: What reasons might a global warming skeptic in support of their skepticism/denials?
Is it a good reason?
Global Warming Controversy
In the last ten or twenty years, global warming sceptics have active
Girls Are. Boys Are. :
Myths, Stereotypes & Gender
Patricia B. Campbell, Ph.D.
Jennifer N. Storo
Office of Educational Research and Improvement
U.S. Department of Education
Richard W. Riley, Secretary
How Much Does Gender Count?
Question: Which of the four views (conflict, independence, dialogue and integration) discussed
in the class concerning the relationship between science and religion? Do you regard as most as
possible and why?
Relationship between Science and Religion
Dr. David Harker
15 September 2012
Is There Sufficient Scientific Evidence to Conclude That Cell Phones Cause Cancer?
In recent years, cell phones have proliferated into every aspect of human life, which have
Science and Religion
Earth is a few thousand years old
Created, along with everything else, in
Humans made in Gods image
Earth 4.5 billion years old
Creation a product of natural laws
Dr. David Harker
16 November 2012
Will Hydrogen Replace Fossil Fuels for Cars?
Fossil fuels, non-renewable energy resources, are mostly formed by anaerobic
decomposition of dead organisms, which have been buried for million
Dr. David Harker
17 October 2012
Should DDT Be Banned Worldwide?
In 1939, Paul Mueller, Swiss Chemist and Nobel laureate, found insecticidal properties of
dichlorodiphenyl thichloroethane (DDT). After that, DDT was deployed t