Martin Methodist College
Study Guide Neuro & GI
1.Considerations r/t MRI or angiography
-Arteriography- detect tumors/blockages and aneurysms,
-ASK PT ABOUT ALLERGIES TO IODINE/SHELLFISH
-Assess for renal diseases, diabetic nephropathy, HF, dehydr
Other known as osteitis deformans
Chronic metabolic disorder
Excessive breakdown of bone (osteoclastic
Reformed bone (osteoblastic activity)
Weakened bones-bowing of long bone
LEUKEMIA (CH. 40 P.806-819)
A cancer with uncontrolled production of immature WBCs (usually
blast cells) in the bone marrow.
These blast cells overcrowd the marrow and restrict formation of
other blood cell types
Leukemia may be acute or chronic
Chapter 30, Lung Cancer p.573-580
Pathophysiology: leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide
More deaths than prostate, breast, or colon cancer
228,000 new cases occur each year
Only 15% have small tumors &
Chapter 25-SKIN CANCERS
Failure of cellular regulation over cell division
Overexposure to sunlight-major cause
Most common: actinic, solar keratosis, squamous cell carcinoma,
basal cell carcinoma & melanoma
Biopsy will determine if les
Disorders of Pituitary Dysfunction
Growth Hormone Deficiency
o Inhibits somatic (linear) growth. Kids fall off the growth chart
o Primary site of dysfunction: hypothalamus
Dx: family hx, growth patterns and health hx, hand x-rays to evaluate growth
Vitamins Minerals and Fluid Replacement
Vitamin K used for blood clotting, antidote to oral anticoagulant Coumadin Food sources are:
Green leafy veggies, orange juice, tomato juice, legumes, fortified grains, spinach
Vitamin C water soluble, m
1. The four parts of the heart are the: 1.) Right Atrium, 2.) Right Ventricle, 3.) Left Atrium,
and 4.) Left Ventricle. The function of the 1.) Right Atrium is to receive oxygenated
blood from the venous system. The function of the 2.) Right Ventricle is
Chapter 47: Drugs for GI Tract Disorders
Tell patient to avoid OTC preparations.
Warn patient not to consume alcohol while takin antiemetics Alcohol can
intensify sedative effect.
Advise pregnant patients to avoid antiemetics during first
GI Tract Drugs
When choosing interventions ALWAYS choose nonpharmacologic interventions of NOT
o Weak tea, gelatin, Gatorade, toast, crackers
o FLAT Gingerale is the best soda for nausea.
o Can use pedialyte for children AND adults.
Heart Failure (Chapter 35)
Preload is the ventricles stretching in diastole.
Left-sided heart failure blood causes fluid to back up into the lungs.
Fluid backs up into the lungs.
Results in pulmonary edema and crackles.
Chapters 30-32 Hematopoietic and Lymphatic Disorders Homework Worksheet
1.) There are many pertinent assessments of the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems
when obtaining a health history. The health history include
Week 2 Discussion
January 24, 2016
Over-the-counter supplement is any medication that can be purchased without a
prescription. Nonprescription or over-the-counter supplements are medicines that the FDA
Study guide for Assessment/mental,social,spiritual,cultural
1. Be familiar with the APA (American Psychiatric Association) definition for a mental disorder (pg.
2. What screenings are done on admission to an inpatient or outpatient facility?
Study Guide, GU & Cardiac
Urinalysis-components of; abnormal findings; interventions
Urine osmolality; pH; specific gravity; (normal values)
ADH/Aldosterone: significance of these hormones & what issues may develop when altered?
Chapter 54: Care of Patients with Musculoskeletal Trauma
Musculoskeletal trauma is one of the primary causes of disability, ranging from simple
muscle strain to multiple bone fractures with severe soft-tissue damage.
Fractures and other m
Chapter 53: Care of Patients with Musculoskeletal Problems
Musculoskeletal disorders include metabolic bone diseases, bone tumors and lesions, and a
variety of deformities and syndromes.
Almost all musculoskeletal health problems can ca
Chapter 52: Assessment of the Musculoskeletal System
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY REVIEW
The musculoskeletal system is the second largest body system and includes the bones, joints,
and skeletal muscles, as well as the supporting structures.