Renal Final Exam 2014
1. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a health problem that affects around 10% of the global
population and increases the risk of death 2 to 4-fold. Which of the following is believed to be the
cause of that increased mortality?
Sander = 46
Clark = 38
Ogunkua = 16
Path = ?
Sander 46 questions
Countercurrent Mechanisms 4 questions
Changes in osmolality as fluid moves through the nephron
Establishing the corticopapillary gradient (hypoosmotic in the corte
A 22 year-old male Hispanic-American comes to the
Emergency Room complaining of feeling "faint" and
disoriented. His plasma sodium is 140 mEq/L but his
calculated plasma osmolality is 310 mOsm/kg water.
Which of the following is most likely in th
Renal Exam 1 2012
1. The Type of epithelium found in the structure shown in the micrograph is
transitional epithelium. It is determined that it has got three layers of smooth
muscle. The likely area it was excised from is which of the following?
A 24 year old man with testicular cancer is about to a combination of
cisplastin and vinblastine. what would you not observe? Ans: Skin
if you suspect that your patient had acute pyelo. what drug you give? Ans:
All of the followi