Quiz 1- 08/25
What is the chief thing that philosophy can do for us?
Teach how to live without certainty being paralyzed by hesitation
What originally unpolitical Greek school of philosophy prepared the way for Christianity?
Quiz 1 (3/4)
How does Spinoza differ from Descartes on the question of "substance"?
o Spinoza says there is only one substance, and that is God. Descartes believes in two kinds of substance,
thinking and extended.
Spinoza rejects free will, but still th
1. Collingwood distinguishes amusement from recreation. How do these differ?
Amusement emotion valued for themselves, do not effect practical life
Magic practical representations, controlled process, changes life in some way
2. Why does
1. What is representation? Give some examples. Why is art not representation?
Not art because involves the artist having a clear conception beforehand
Representation comes in three, overlapping degrees. The first paintings, attempt that
1. In what way does Benedict compare the possibility of language and the possibility of
organized behavior? (p. 449) How does the development of a societys preferences regarding
language or fashion help us to understand the development o
1. Descartes is a dualist what does this mean? What are two main features that distinguish mind from
body? (pp. 290-91)
Dualism is the belief that both a mind and body exist together. I perceive the
possibility of existing without my bod
1. How does Nietzsche connect morality with the conditions of natural life?
Moral values originate because and form of life arises out of conditions necessary for its existance
2. In what way does Nietzsche suggest that fear is a primary
1. A craftsman and an artist both make things. In what ways does artistic making differ from
An artist creates imaginary things
2. How does imagination differ from make-believe? Why is it important not to confuse these?
1. What does Churchland mean by folk psychology? Why does he that the concepts of folk
psychology and the concepts of theoretical neuroscience cannot be intertheoretically reduced?
Ordinary mental concepts, which are completely misleadin
1. Chisholm states that a condition for a man to be morally responsible for what he does is that the
action be "entirely- up to the man himself." What does this mean?
2. What is the hypothetical (compatibIist) meaning of "she couldhave
1. According to Collingwood, what are the two conditions for an aesthetic theory?
(1) Conscious (2) clear, and thereby becoming able to deal with it
2. What are the three kinds of ambiguity Collingwood identifies? What is
1. Whom does Socrates identify as his "first accusers?" What does he say are their
charges against him?
2. How does Socrates interpret the meaning of the oracle at Delphi?
3. How-does-his-storyabout the oracle at Delphi contribute to his
1. Kant compares his view of knowledge with Copernicuss theory of planetary motion.
Explain this comparison
That there was something wrong with the thinking that led to Hume's conclusions and
contended that we have "categ
J J L/~ :-
1. What reasons does Euthyphro give for-prosecuting his father?
2. What sort of answer is Socrates looking for when he asks Euthyphro to instruct him
about what is pious or holy?
3. What is the first thing that Euthyp
1. Why does Johnson think that evil cannot be justified by saying that it has good results in the
long run How could it be stated in the form of a Modus Tollens argument?
If God is all powerful and all good, he would be ab
1. In what way does Aristotle connect moral goodness to human nature?
All behavior is to a particular end, and in doing so it must be good.
2. According to Aristotle, what is the chief human good and what are its three features?
1. Why does Kant think that an inquiry into moral standards must be conducted a priori and
Science cant tell us what the nature of morality is, neither can examples.
2. What does Kant say is the only proper basis for de
1. Holbach thinks people mistakenly think:they have free will. On his view what is the "will?"
2. What, according to Holbach, are the two general kinds of causes of human behavior?
3. Holbach grants that people make choices. Why does this
1. Anselm (like Descartes) is dealing with the theistic concept of God. List some attributes that
distinguish God in this sense.
Something than which nothing greater can be conceived: God is all knowing,
all powerful, and
1. By what "method" does Descartes try to determine whether his beliefs about the world can
count as knowledge?
Method of doubt
2. What does Descartes initially take the source of all his beliefs to be?
3. What is it about dre
1. What is the difference between a deontological ethical theory and a teleological ethical theory?
Deontological View Good will, the categorical imperative
Teleological View the goodness of an action is determined by the results that fl
1. What two kinds of statements make up an argument and how are they distinguished?
2. Describe two respects in which deductive arguments are different from inductive arguments.
3. What does it mean to say that an argument is valid?
4. What is t
1. How does Hume distinguish impressions from ideas?
Impressions are from sense experience and are much stronger
Ideas are weaker copies of impressions that give words meaning
2. Hume identifies two basic kinds of judgment
Socrates was the best kind of teacher. He didnt
boast on knowing everything, or try and shove ideas
down your throat. Socrates lived and taught by
example; by living his own life, he inspired many
upon many of o
Would I go in the box? No, I dont think I would and heres why.
I know that I would be unaware that I was in an alternate reality; unaware that I was
living in my version of a perfect world but it really bugs me that I wouldnt know
I believe that my relationship with my God is a mystical experience. And I
think James would definitely think so because I literally cannot explain my belief to
anyone who hasnt experienced it themselves. From an outsider point of view I know
I sound like
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Socrates walks to the Athens harbor, the Piraeus, with Glaucon, Plato's brother.
Socrates and Glaucon are invited toPolemarchus' house by Polemarchus
andAdeimantus. They join Thrasymachusand Polemarchus' father, Cephalus.
Socrates asks Cep