Lecture 2: What is the sociology of sport? P Some methodological issues, not specific to sports < Definitions conceptual and operational definitions. conceptual definition, i.e., a shared understanding of the meaning of a word, especially an abstract idea
Elements of culture
The abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture such as speech, written characters, numerals, symbols, and nonverbal gestures and expressions
Penalties and rewards for conduct con
Types of Government
1. Monarchy: form of government head by a single member of a royal family such as
a king, queen, Czar, or Shah.
2. Oligarchy: form of government in which a few individuals rule such as in an
aristocracy, military rule, or feudal lords.
Unified system of beliefs and practices
o o o
To separate the Sacred from the Profane Sacred: Elements beyond ordinary everyday life Profane: Everyday life that is ordinary and common
The worlds largest religions:
o o o o o
Christianity: 2.2 Bill
Population and the Environment
Malthus vs. Marx Reverend Thomas Malthus:
Believed that the worlds population was growing faster than the food supply
and would result in food shortages.
Advocated population control programs such as postponing marriage