Chapter 9: Language Development
34. Describe the four components of language.
Phonology refers to the sounds of a language. About 200 different sounds are used in all
known spoken languages; all the different words in English are constructed from only abo
1. What emotional displays are infants capable of from birth?
2. What are the two different kinds of smiles and when are infants capable of showing them?
In the 1st month in
The Biology of Development
How do changes to the body
influence changes to the mind?
How are thoughts and feelings
influenced by biological changes?
How time sensitive are biological
changes to the body and mind?
How do diff
Psych 331: Infant & Child Development
Dr. Margaret Ingate
Required text: Keils
TA: Meghan McLean, PhD.
Candidate in social psychology
Cheapest option: online access
You probably wont pass the
course if you dont read the
Chapter 3: Coming to perceive the
How do newborn babies perceive the
How does perception change over
How do biology and experience
combine to shape perception?
How does information from multiple
Recap: language acquisition
S ta tis tic a lle a rning a nd wo rd s e g m e nta tio n:
S a fra ne ta l
P ro d uc tio n:c o o ing ,b a b b ling ,firs two rd s ,two
wo rd te le g ra p h ic s e nte nc e s
R e c ip ro c ity inla ng ua g e /c o m m unic a tiv
Overview of infant capabilities
Ne wb o rn
S e ns a tio na nd p e rc e p tio nwith p a rtic ula r
a tte ntio nto fa c e s
Me m o ry
Mo ve m e nt
S o c ia l
R e fle xm o ve m e nts
Chapters 6: Cognitive Development
Explain what is meant by assimilation and accommodation in Piagets theory.
Assimilation is the external world understood in the terms of current mental structures
Accommodations are the mental structures that are modif
20. What evidence is there to support the view that infants have an understanding of
addition and subtraction?
young babies can do simple addition and subtractionas long as its very simple.
Experiment (pic above): infants view a stage with one m
Chapter 3- Prenatal Development, Birth & the Newborn Period
The Periods of Prenatal Development
Zygote- Weeks 1 to 2
From conception to implantation, happens before woman knows she is
pregnant. Egg is released and fertilized, followed by rapid ce
1. Know the details of Eriksons first 2 stages.
stage 1: basic trust vs mistrust
-trust - can I trust myself; if people can trust you, you can start to control your behaviors in a
-hope - hope for the future, thi
Chapter 4: Growth, Health, and Brain Development
Features of Human Growth-rapid in first year of life
Mechanisms of Physical Growth
Proper nutrition-very important during infancy, many benefits of
Growth hormones- muscle,
Chapter 2: Genetic Bases of Child Development
Genetic Disorders- We inherit one allele from each of our parents.
Identical alleles - homozygous
Different alleles- heterozygous
22 pairs of chromosomes
2 pairs of each gene
Dominant allele- chemi
Unit 3 Lecture Review, part 3
1. What possible explanation did I give for the gender differences found in the research on
survivors of the Chinese famine?
Women - compared to women who were conceived after the famine, they had a much higher risk
Chapter 1: The Science of Development
What is a theory: A systematic statement of hypotheses and general principles that provides
a framework for interpretation and future research.
What is the developmental theory? (Note: has 2 levels)
SMALL NUMBER of Loaner clickers
Recap: Seeing, thinking, doing in infancy
Inte ra c tio n,a llth e tim e
Hig h d e g re e o find ivid ua lva ria b ility
Dyna m ic s y s te m s vie w
C o nc e p tio n
P re na ta ld e ve lo p m e nt
How are babies made?
What Needs to Develop?
Sequence of Development
Theories of Language Development
Acquisition of language - symbols
symbols - systems for representing our thoughts,
feelings, and knowledge and f