Chapters 6: Cognitive Development
Explain what is meant by assimilation and accommodation in Piagets theory.
Assimilation is the external world understood in the terms of current mental structures
Accommodations are the mental structures that are modif
Recap: language acquisition
S ta tis tic a lle a rning a nd wo rd s e g m e nta tio n:
S a fra ne ta l
P ro d uc tio n:c o o ing ,b a b b ling ,firs two rd s ,two
wo rd te le g ra p h ic s e nte nc e s
R e c ip ro c ity inla ng ua g e /c o m m unic a tiv
Overview of infant capabilities
Ne wb o rn
S e ns a tio na nd p e rc e p tio nwith p a rtic ula r
a tte ntio nto fa c e s
Me m o ry
Mo ve m e nt
S o c ia l
R e fle xm o ve m e nts
SMALL NUMBER of Loaner clickers
Recap: Seeing, thinking, doing in infancy
Inte ra c tio n,a llth e tim e
Hig h d e g re e o find ivid ua lva ria b ility
Dyna m ic s y s te m s vie w
C o nc e p tio n
P re na ta ld e ve lo p m e nt
How are babies made?
Chapter 9: Language Development
34. Describe the four components of language.
Phonology refers to the sounds of a language. About 200 different sounds are used in all
known spoken languages; all the different words in English are constructed from only abo
20. What evidence is there to support the view that infants have an understanding of
addition and subtraction?
young babies can do simple addition and subtractionas long as its very simple.
Experiment (pic above): infants view a stage with one m
1. What emotional displays are infants capable of from birth?
2. What are the two different kinds of smiles and when are infants capable of showing them?
In the 1st month in
Chapter 3- Prenatal Development, Birth & the Newborn Period
The Periods of Prenatal Development
Zygote- Weeks 1 to 2
From conception to implantation, happens before woman knows she is
pregnant. Egg is released and fertilized, followed by rapid ce
1. Know the details of Eriksons first 2 stages.
stage 1: basic trust vs mistrust
-trust - can I trust myself; if people can trust you, you can start to control your behaviors in a
-hope - hope for the future, thi
Chapter 4: Growth, Health, and Brain Development
Features of Human Growth-rapid in first year of life
Mechanisms of Physical Growth
Proper nutrition-very important during infancy, many benefits of
Growth hormones- muscle,
Chapter 2: Genetic Bases of Child Development
Genetic Disorders- We inherit one allele from each of our parents.
Identical alleles - homozygous
Different alleles- heterozygous
22 pairs of chromosomes
2 pairs of each gene
Dominant allele- chemi
Unit 3 Lecture Review, part 3
1. What possible explanation did I give for the gender differences found in the research on
survivors of the Chinese famine?
Women - compared to women who were conceived after the famine, they had a much higher risk
Chapter 1: The Science of Development
What is a theory: A systematic statement of hypotheses and general principles that provides
a framework for interpretation and future research.
What is the developmental theory? (Note: has 2 levels)
Seeing, Thinking, and Doing in Infancy
Focus on Infants and ToddlersWhy?
extremely rapid developmental changes
development intertwined in the four areas
majority of recent research conducted with
this age g
Motor Development - Milestones
Is motor development due to maturation or practice?
1. Comparison of premature and full-term infants
compare chronological age = age since birth
conceptual age = age since conception
2. Cross-cultural comparisons