Question 1 of 40
21.0/ 21.0 Points
Movie Review: Based on your viewing of the movie A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2002),
please answer the following questions. Remember to use any research or reference
materials that we have already discussed to support y
What is Maslow's motivational hierarchy? How has it been criticized? What modifications have been proposed to the hierarchy?
What is the best way to set goals? How important are deadlines?
How do psychologists study the ability to resist tempta
Question 1 of 10
To say that a test is reliable is to say that its results are
Answer Key: A
Question 2 of 10
Which of the following statement(s) is true regarding our unde
General Principles of
Views of Motivation
Difficult to discern whether a persons behavior is
motivated or involuntary.
Motivation activates and directs behaviors. Light
motivates plant growth?
What is Human Nature?
Hobbes: Humans are nasty, brutish: we need government to
protect ourselves from one another.
Rousseau: People are good, and governments are the
Freud: Natural imp
Chapter 6: Learning
Module 6.1: Behaviorism
The Rise of Behaviorism
Physicists do not talk about objects wanting to be on
the ground, or nature abhorring a vacuum.
Beginning in the 1800s, psychologists began to think
about behavior the same way: behavio
Its meaning we know so long as no one asks us to define
it. William James
Hypothalamus controls body temperature, spinal
cord controls r
Our Final Exam: Section 01
S Will be held in Scott 123 on December 23, from 8 am- 11
Developing Morality and
Group life has many advantages, and all primates live in
Section 01: December 18, 12-3 PM Scott 123
Chapter 8: Cognition
Module 1: Attention and Categorization
Research in Cognitive
Cognition means thinking and using knowledge.
Difficult to discover peoples thought processes b
Module 7.1: Types of
Is the retention of information
Includes trivial and important information
Use the Try it Yourself activities in Chapter 7.
Studies of Memory
Studying memory is fraught; while subjects ca
Nature, Nurture, and
Genetics and Evolution
Chromosomes: strands of genetic material
Each human nucleus: 23 pairs of chromosomes, except
egg and sperm cells, which have 23 unpaired.
What is Psychology?
Psyche=mind or soul
Past: Psychology=study of the mind or soul
Present: Psychology: Systematic study of behavior and
Module 1.1: Psychologists
Clinical Psychologists are the most well-known types of
General Psychology Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2012 Hsu
Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence, and Language
What is cognition? How has it shifted over the years and what type of psychology resulted from the shift?
Describe the different ways that we can
830:101 General Psychology
Review Questions for Midterm 2 11/15/2012
Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception
1) What is the difference between sensation and perception? Give an example of each.
2) Give an example from your life experience that describes botto
830:101 General Psychology
Review Questions for Midterm 1 10/2/2012
Chapter 1: Themes and Theories/ Research Methods
1. Nature vs. Nurture, continuous vs. discontinuous development, interaction, and resilience
are enduring themes in child development. Be
General Psychology (Spring 2014) Final Exam Open-Ended Questions
Each question is worth 10 points. Make sure to include any and all relevant details.
1. It has been such a pleasure teaching each one of you this semester. I hope that you have been/will be
Question 1 of 40
21.0/ 21.0 Points
Given the documentary "Oldest Mother on the Block" by Cat Ashworth, the idea of later
conception and birthing practices was explored. Please answer the following questions
regarding the information presented and your cri
Sensation: The conversion of energy from the
environment into a pattern of response by the nervous
system; the detection of stimuli
Perception: The interpretation of that information
e.g.: Light rays striki
Chapter 3: Biological
Neurons and Behavior:
Ontogeny: Development of an individual into a sexually
Phylogeny: Development of a family or group, or taxa,
into a reproductively successful popula
What is the significance of the discovery that some sensory signals are routed from the thalamus to
the amydala in addition to those being routed from the thalamus to areas of the cortex?
Emotional reactions can be unconscious.
The amygdala is richly con
What is homeostasis?
-the maintainence of an optimum level of biological conditions within an organism
What is the reward center of the brain? How was it discovered by researchers?
The brains reward circuit includes areas of the brain stem, hypothalamus,
What is an implicit association? How are implicit associations assessed by researchers? What has
been revealed by studies of implicit associations?
Whereas explicit prejudice involves the conscious use of stereotypes and intentional ac
What was Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development? What procedures did he use to study
Moral Reasoning: Kohlbergs Theory
-moral reasoning is a process that matures through stages
-we should ask for the reasoning
What is stereotype threat? How can it be overcome?
Claude Steele (1995):
Stereotype threat refers to peoples perceived risk that they might do something that supports an
unfavorable stereotype about the group.
May affect anxiety and motivation levels.
What factors lead to expertise and superior performance?
Our first inclination is to attribute expert abilities to special, inborn talents
However, studies show that expert abilities are most often the result of practice. Typically, becoming an
What are Stanford-Binet tests?
Lewis Terman (at Stanford University): Created an American version of the Binet-Simon Test. It was
called the Stanford-Binet test, and it was used for people from age 2 through adulthood.
What is mental age?
Binet and Simon
General Psychology Spring 2011
830:101:01:48018 SC-135 MW 2:50-4:10
Prof. Leonard W. Hamilton
Rutgers SAS Psychology Department
E-mail: LWH@ RUTGERS.EDU
What is catharsis?
A release of pentup emotional stress
What is the Oedipus complex?
When a boy develop sexual interest in mom and aggression toward dad
What is libido?
Psychosexual energy. Progress through stages
What are the stages of psychosexual devel
What is an attitude?
An early approach to social cognition was the extension of the commonsense concept of attitude.
An attitude is an evaluation of some aspect of the world. Involves cognitive, emotional, and behavioral
- Like or dislike th
What are the main principles of the humanistic approach to personality?
Humanistic personality theorists:
Reject the psychodynamic and behaviorist notions of personality as too deterministic.
Focus on peoples conscious beliefs, values, guiding principle
Do "opposites attract" or is similarity more likely to lead to a successful relationship?
Most couples resemeble eachother in age, attractivess, beleiefs, intelligence and attitudes. They enjoy
someone who has more in common with them
What is the equi
Cognition and Language
What is cognition?
The study of Cognition typically includes the topics of perception, memory, attention, thinking, language,
Thinking and using knowledge
Why can't we understand cognitive processes by simply aski