By 1865 Japan had accepted a new concept of political and commercial
intercourse with the outside world and ended the long era of exclusion and
As a country Japan was faced with an unfamiliar and what they assumed to
be a hostile world.
As Tokugawa consolidated his military victories it appeared that Japan would
follow a policy of expanding commercial contacts with the west, the
Portuguese, Spanish and the Dutch and English in 1603.
The T. period has been described as "an unhappy interlu
Impact of the West
The tribulations of such a minority might hardly received attention in the
general sweep of Chinese history if it were not for the Hakkas' role in the
Taiping Revolution of 1850-1864.
The Hakkas formed the core of the m
World War I
World War I, military conflict, from 1914 to 1918, that began as a local European war between
Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914; was transformed into a general European struggle
by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914;
THE NEW WORLD
The discovery of the New World is the most important event in world history.
In three centuries the world expanded, coastlines were identified on maps,
entire oceans were named, the New World was divided by the Spanish and
Portuguese and thi
THE FUR TRADE
The fur trade, more than any other activity, contributed to the white exploration and opening of
the wilderness north of Mexico, and it led to extensive contacts between whites and Indians.
All the colonial powers were involved in the mass c
Rise of Northern Europe
In the period between 1600 and 1763 Spain and Portugal were overtaken by
the countries of northern Europe, principally, Holland, France and Britain.
This would serve to make Northwest Europe the most influential and dynamic
Resistance and Rebellion to the World and Imperial Order 1740-1800
In the 1700s Spanish pressures and demand on the Peruvian Indians
In part this was reflected in changes in the mita. The Spanish were
determined to increase the out
New Ideologies, Revolution and Rationalism
Europes domination of the world in the 19th century was based not only on its
industrial and scientific revolutions but also on political revolution.
For the first time in Europe government was no longer thought
Beginning around 1870 the expansion of the Industrial Revolution stimulated a
more rapid pace of change in Latin American economy and politics.
As Industry in Europe gathered steam and began to produce more and more
goods there was a mounting demand for r
The beginnings of modern Mexico starts with the liberal victory of 1867.
Juarez and his liberals would try for 10 years to consolidate their rule by fully
implementing the constitution of 1857.
Juarez and the liberals would also try to modernize Mexico or
Industrialization: The First Phase: 1700-1850
While Europe's "great men" plotted grand schemes to pursue their political
and intellectual ambitions during the crisis of the Old Regime, French
Revolution, and Napoleonic wars, obscure British inventors desi