Sharia Law and the Four Schools of Thought:
The Uncontestable Laws of Islam
I. Islamic Law
A. Noted terms
1. Sharia. Literally, the path or road which leads to water.
3. Madhab. Islamic School of Thought.
C. Law is determined i
The Traditions (Hadith):
The Sayings of Muhammad as the Law of Allah
So take what the Messenger gives you, and refrain from what he prohibits you. And fear Allah; for
Allah is strict in Punishment.
I. Principles of the Hadith
A. Muhammads C
The Doctrine of Revelation:
Canon is an architectural term that literally means reed or straight rod.
Therefore, it is a metaphor for the collection of book, the Bible, which is our standard in
A Critical Analysis
The Koran is the charter for the community, the document that called it into existence. And ideally
though obviously not always in reality Islamic history has been the effort to pursue and work out the
commandments of the
The Dictated Words of Allah
We sent down the (Quran) in Truth, and in Truth has it descended: and We sent you but to give Glad
Tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Quran which we have divided (into parts from time to time), in
order that y
THE HISTORY OF ISLAM
The Desire for World Domination in the Name of Allah
In the same way that Islam conquered in the 7th century, it is stilling attempting to conquer today.
Rise of the Turks:
Islam under the Auspices of the Ottomans
W. Wilson Cash. The Expansion of Islam: An Arab Religion in the Non-Arab World. London: Edinburgh
Bernard Lewis. Islam in History. 2nd ed. Chicago: Op
Crusades were not military expeditions only begun every generation. There were
hundreds of crusades, many following each other year after year.
The Muslims were not the only enemies of the
The Emerging Mosque:
Growth, Development, and Opposition in Medieval Islam (AD 680-1095)
Shia: The Party of Ali (AD 680)
Shia (or Shi'ah)
"well-trodden path" or "tradition"
"party" or "partisans" of Ali
The Four Horseman:
The First Leaders of Islam (AD 632 661)
The struggle between these rival systems has now lasted for some fourteen centuries. It began with
the advent of Islam, in the seventh century, and has continued virtually to the present day. I
Complexity, Expediency, and Depravity:
The Life of Muhammad
Ibn Ishaq. The Life of Muhammad. Translated by A. Guillaume. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Ibn Warraq, ed. The Quest for the Historical Muhammad. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books
Zwemer, Samuel M. Islam: A Challenge to Faith. New York: Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign
To the follower of Christ, and especially to the student of Christian history, Islam possesses a
GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMINOLOGY
Terms You Need to Know
NB: These terms are the most important and testable terms that you will encounter repeatedly. These
definitions have been adapted from ISLAMIC sources, but my annotations follow the definition when
Eastern Christianity and the Trinity:
Its Development and Influence on Islam
The Five Centers of Christianity in the Early Church
C. Antioch (Syria)
D. Alexandria (Egypt)
If you consider the expansion of Islam o