HUMAN ACTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
HUMAN IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Humans early on have impacted the natural landscape at the local and regional scale.
As technology has changed the impacts to the environment h
Humans have been organizing and structuring themselves from the beginning. Geographers are
interested in that structuring because it is both an expression of the human organization of
space and is closely
THE ORIGIN OF CITIES
Urbanization is a phenomenon with both a rich history and relatively recent beginnings.
Urbanization is an outcome of the adaptation of agricultural and an outgrowth of the early hearth
PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT
DEFINITIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
Development can be defined as the extent to which the resources of an area or country have been
brought into full productive use.
Development may also imply the degree of modernization or how e
MANUFACTURING, TRANSPORTATION, AND HIGH TECH
Economic Geography is the study of how people earn their living, how economic systems vary
by area, and how economic activities are spatially interrelated and li
PRIMARY ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURE AND RESOURCE
HUNTING AND GATHERING
Before farming, hunting and gathering were the universal forms of primary production.
It is only practiced by very few people now, in very isolated areas. These numbe
FOLK AND POPULAR CULTURE IN NORTH AMERICA
Folk connotes traditional ways of doing things; a product of a homogenous, cohesive group that
is isolated from or resistant to the outside influences of the society around it.
Folk Culture m
MIGRATION AND ETHNIC GEOGRAPHY
Most migration decisions are based on economic opportunity; real or perceived.
Other factors can include:
CONTROLS ON MIGRATION
Many times the decision to migrate is based upon p
LANGUAGE AND RELIGION
THE GEOGRAPHY OF LANGUAGE
Language is a fundamental strand in the complex web of culture serving to shape and distinguish
people and groups.
Languages are constantly changing.
Languages evolve in place; responding to chan
DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION GEOGRAPHY
Demography is the statistical study of human population. Demography does not take in to
account the spatial aspect of population.
Population Geography focuses on the number, composition, and distrib
ROOTS AND MEANING OF CULTURE
DEFINITION OF CULTURE
To the social scientist culture is the specialized behavioral patterns, understandings, adaptations
and social systems that summarize a group of peoples way of life.
Culture includes the visible
Geography comes from two Greek words:
Geo refers to the earth and
Graphein means picture or writing
Geography examines, describes, and explains the Earth and the humans that occupy it.