Theories about conception date back to ancient times:
Greek physician Hippocrates
the father of medicine
a fetus results from the joining of male and female seeds.
the woman functions only as a receptacle, the child being formed
1. What emotional displays are infants capable of displaying from birth?
a. Crying as expression of dissatisfaction
b. Smiling is due to change within them, not social smile
2. What are the two different kinds of smiles and when a
1. What is the mirror test? What ability was it developed to test?
2. Which non-human animals have been shown to pass it?
3. What is a possible explanation for why gorillas sometimes dont pass it? What about elephants?
4. Why might it no
I&C F16 Unit 1part2
Unit 1 Lecture Questions Part 2
1. How many chromosomes do human body cells have?
2. How many chromosomes do human sex cells have? (And why is this different from body cells?)
3. What are alleles?
4. Recognize examples of ho
Piaget on Piaget questions
L. Dickson I&CF16
Piaget argues against the misunderstandings that he is either an _ or
an _. Instead, he says, he is a constructivist
What does he mean by this?
We create our own knowledge based on own experiences
Where does kn
Infant study guide
Plato believed children were born with innate knowledge, artistotle thought the blank tablet idea Nature- refers to biological endowment in genes from our parents Nurture- refers to wife range of environments physical and social Schizop
Infant Exam 2 Study Guide
Chapter 5 Perceptual and Motor Development
Perception is action: our senses are assaulted w/stimulation but much of it is ignored
Sensory and perceptual processes are the means by which people receive, select, modify and
Infant exam 3
Ch 6: Cognitive Development
Piaget was trained as a biologist and philosopher
o Intellectual development is a process of adaptation
According to Piaget, assimilation occurs when new experiences are readily incorporated into a
Unit 2 Lecture Review Questions
1. What is parthenogenesis?
- Term for cloning
- asexual reproduction in which the offspring develops from unfertilized eggs
2. What is a major potential problem for species that reproduce asexually?
- Variety is not being
From Theory to Research: How is data collected?
1. naturalistic (habitat) observation
2. clinical/case study
3. Laboratory Research
you have control over the experiment
1. so you can make sure everything happens the same for ea
1. Cognitive: Vygotsky
says children do a lot of their learning through interactions with the real
world (through interactions with people and parents)
b. zone of proximal development
where learning happens
I missed a few notes because I was late to class.
1. Cross-sectional example:
these are 4 different groups of kids, not the same group
over 24 months.
why? because cross sectional de
Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed
Prior to the twentieth century, childbirth in Europe and in the United States
followed somewhat similar patterns.
Birth was a female social ritual.
The woman, surrounded by female relatives and
Early Growth and Physical Development
Early growth and physical development follow the maturational principles:
the cephalocaudal principle
growth occurs from top down.
Because the brain grows so rapidly before birth, a newborn
baby's head i
The 6 statements that constitute the basis of agreement among the majority of
1. all domains of development are interrelated
a. although scientists look separately at 3 domains of development
(physical, cognitive, and psychosocia
Unit 1 Lecture Review Questions (Lectures 1-5)
1. When did child psychology, as a science, become established in the US?
a. End of the 19th Century
2. Know the 6 statements that constitute the basis of agreement among the majority
of developmental scienti
Prenatal Development: Three Stages
During gestation, the period between conception and birth, an unborn child
undergoes dramatic processes of development.
The normal range of gestation is between 37 and 41 weeks
Gestational age is usually dat
The five perspectives on Human Development: Psychoanalytical (this is from the
textbook, notes from lecture are in lecture 1)
Freuds psychosexual theory
behavior is controlled by powerful unconscious urges
innate factors modified by exp
Infant & Child Development
Chapter 1 - Approaching Psychological Development
The Nature of Development
Periods of development - Most commonly these are prenatal period, infancy,
the preschool period, young school age, later school age, and adole
What is Willys job and why does Willy want to arrest Teresa? Is she telling Willy
the truth about the planner? Does he arrest her or let her go? Where does she go
Willy works for the police and is running a sting operartion
Midterm Exam Review
New born learn since 32 weeks gestation
Study development to become better caretakers and educators of
children understand what babies are capable of
Domains of development= moral, social, physical, cognitive,
Longitudinal studies: the same individuals are observed or tested repeatedly at different points
in their lives
o Microgenetic studies: children tested repeatedly over days or weeks, not years
Provides data on the developmen
Origins of a New Science
G. Stanley Hall
o Founder of American psych
o Studied child development
o Questionnaire method
o Psychodynamic perspective
o Development is determined by how people resolve conflicts at different stages
o Stages of p