Sociology 222 First Exam Review
First some important advice.
1. You need to study to pass the exam. And you need to study HARD to do well on the
2. Memorizing the powerpoint slides is not enough. I rarely use wording directly from the
slides. To ans
Reaction to Positivism (scientific method) Crime is an act that only becomes criminal when observers define it as such Master Status (Becker) o Labeled person is subject to the negative effects of the label Quinney o Advanced capit
Criminology Office Monday 10-12 LSH B212 1/22 Definitions Sutherland's Definition- Criminology is the scientific study of making laws, and reacting toward the breaking of laws Subfields- Criminal stats, sociology of the law, theory development (those
Criminology Exam Review
Micro variations within individuals and their criminal behavior
Macro variations within groups and their criminal behavior
Specific criminology aspires for general theories
General no theory that can generalize every type of crime
Second Exam Review Sheet
Remember that the word def. after a concept means that knowing the definition should suffice. If
Def. is not written this means that the questions requires a fuller understanding of the concept.
Crime and Criminology
What is criminology?
The Study of Crime.
Sutherland: Processes and Patterns of making
criminal laws, breaking criminal laws, and
responding to law breakers.
What is crime?
Legalistic Definition (V
Social Process Theories of Crime
Attempt to explain how individuals become
law violators (or not). (vs. rational choice and
general strain which explain criminal acts).
Social process theories (normative or control):
DEVELOPMENT OF SOC. THEORY
November 10th 1837 Marx wrote a letter to his father telling him that he had made 2
relationships of great importance:
Personal relationship with Jenny von Westpha
CRIMINOLOGY READING, BARKAN CHAPTER 3
PAGES 38-46 OUTLINE
1. MEASURING CRIME
a. Uniform Crime Reports
- Primary source of U.S. crime statistics is the UCR of the F.B.I.
- Began in 1930s - stores data from almost all of the nations police
Schools and Delinquency
Strain vs. Control Perspectives
Do schools cause or prevent crime?
Strain (Normative School)
Cohen. School rejection and failure with respect to middle
class ideal (measuring rod), aided by grouping practices
Like Merton, views crime as product of
Capitalism but the American Dream is not the
Focus on the material dynamics of the
economic system and social class domination &
exploitation as crime causes.
Social Reaction Theories of Crime
Focus upon social and institutional responses to
the individual. How we react to crime
The Labeling Perspective
View the individual as the Underdog or Victim-largely forced into the role of a criminal
Examines stability and change in crime over
the life course.
Explains variation in these patterns across
individuals, groups, and crimes.
How do causes of criminal behavior change
over time? Example: family may be more
Classical Theory, Deterrence, and
Types of Theories
Sociological vs. Other Disciplines (Economics, Biology,
Micro vs. Macro (Q: Examples?).
Specific vs. General
Classical vs. Positivist
(Human behavior is chosen vs. human
Drugs and Crime
Positive Drug Tests in 10 county jails, 07-09
Drug Use Among State Prison Inmates, 2004
Factoid: In 04, 40.7% of those imprisoned for robbery said on drugs when
they committed crime.
Alcohol and Drug Use and Abuse Among Convicted