Class 2 Terms, historical issues
1. What is trephination or trepanning, why is it done? What cultures was it known
in? What do we know about the 'theory' cultures used to justify trepanning?
o Mystical and surgical proceudre in which a ho
Class 3 Cells, Development
1. What are the two general classes of cells in the nervous system? What are the ranges
of estimates for the quantity of each of these classes?
2. What are the parts of a neuron? What is the main function of t
Lecture 5 leftovers, spinal cord/nerves
Blood supply & Blood brain barrier
1. Be able to describe the blood supply to the brain and the Circle of Willis (identify
on picture), including: internal carotid arteries, vertebral arteries, basi
Lecture 4 Support structures, spinal cord 1
1. When does the neural tube close on average at the anterior and posterior pores?
2. What are the defects that result when the neural pores do not close? Which type of
Class 20 Frontal lobe
Terms, concepts, processes
Parietal lobe disorders
1. What is apraxia?
o Disorder of movement NOT due to weakness, inability to move muscles,
abnormal muscle tone/posture, intellectual deterioration, or tremor
Frontal lobe anatomy
Class 16 Temporal lobes, disorders
1. What parts of face processing are carried out in the Fusiform face area, the
superior temporal sulcus and the striate cortex?
o FFA: Invariant aspects of faces, perception of unique identity (animals
o STS: Chan
Class 17 Somatosensation
1. Which submodalities are normally included in somatosensation (know the name
and be able to describe), which one did your instructor add under that category?
o Nociception is the perception of unpleasant stimuli, like pain and
Class 19 Parietal lobe disorders
Terms, concepts, processes
1. How are dizziness and vertigo different?
o Dizziness: things become faint and faded, light-headedness
o Vertigo: spinning sensation (spinning around as a kid) (fluid in hair cells still
Lecture 24 Lateralization of function/anatomy & Plasticity
1. What were the interesting findings w.r.t eyedness during the class experiment?
What percentage (about) of R-handers was L-eyed?
o There were significant number of people
Class 13 Review questions
Organization sensory systems
1. Explain how stimulation of other types of receptors around a pain receptor can make pain
appear less, and how this is an example of an interaction among different senses at the relay
Class 15 - Temporal lobes 1
1. What does it mean that the primary auditory cortex has a tonotopic organization?
This means that there is a spatial arrangement of where sounds of different frequency
are processed in the brain. Tones close t
Class 14 Occipital lobes, Vision, Hearing
Vision disorders occipital lobe
1. What is the difference between hemianop(s)ia and scotoma? Know what the effect for the visual
field is of lesions along the optic tract.
a. Hemianop is blindness on one side or b
Class 12 Review questions
1. Explain the distinction between epilepsy and seizures.
o The primary symptom for epilepsy is seizures but not all seizures are result of
epilepsy. Epileptics have seizures generated by their own brain dysfunction
Lectures 9 General brain damage 3, Visualization
1. What is the difference between inflammation and infection?
o Inflammation is the response to presence of microbial agents
o Infection is caused by exogenous pathogen (e.g. vir
Class 11 Sleep 2
1. What are the three main views on the function of sleep? Are they exclusive of each other?
o Memory processing organize our memories
o recuperation/cleaning time of repair; growth hormones and immune system
activates and CSF washes over
Class 11 - Sleep
1. What types of electrical recordings of brain activity are there (we mention 3)?
o Single/multiple cell recording
o Electroencephalograph (EEG) recording
o Event related Potential (ERP) recording
2. What is the general process in si
Lecture 7 Anatomy, General brain damage processes
1. From where to where does the reticular formation extend?
From the mesencephalon to the Myencephalon
2. What are the two main structures in the diencephalon?
Thalamus & Hyp
Lecture 6 cranial nerves,
1. Where do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system nerves exit the
a. Sympathetic: thoracic-lumbar region
b. Parasympathetic: cranio-sacral region
2. What is the function of
310 section 02 Fall 2014
Instructor: Estelle Mayhew
Instructor email: [email protected]
TA : Mary Himmelstein
TA email: <[email protected]>
Please remember to SIG
10 February 27, 2015 - Sleep and Epilepsy
Quiz 4 is up
Review Questions and clicker files up this weekend
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Transcranial magnetic stimulation the application of intense magnetic fields to temporar
11 March 6, 2015 Sleep, Epilepsy, Cortex, Sensory Systems
Once you go past 20-30 minute cycle you fall into a sleep cycle of 90 minutes
Are you long or short sleeper? (cave stress)
Some people require less sleep,
Development, Parts, Meninges, CSF, blood
4 September 15, 2014
Review qs and clicker response files are
Must be turning technologies
Must be set to Channel 27
Excel file shows if signal was received
2 September 8, 2014
Set clicker channel to 27
Where does behavior originate?
Galen - humor
Anatomy, General brain damage: TBI
7 September 24, 2014
Quiz 2 up
Response files & Review qs up to date
Basic brain anatomy remainder
Major Structures of the Forebrain
Diencephalon (subcortical lying below the cerebral
Sleep, Epilepsy, Cortex, Sensory systems
11 October 13, 2014
Quiz 4 is up. Schedule a time to take it!
Are you long or short sleeper? (cave
Why do we sleep?
Electrical recordings, Sleep
10 October 8, 2014
Exam grades up
Quiz 4 will go up by Friday
Recording the Brains Electrical Activity
Three techniques for electrical recording
Single Cell Recording
Visualizing the brain
9 October 1, 2014
Exam next time
Interesting links for tumor, stroke
General brain damage
Imaging the brain
Causes of CVA blockage of brain artery (or
Clot (i.e. thrombus clump