Said Saillant Philosophy of Mind Professor Brian P. McLaughlin Final Exam
Explain what Gilbert Ryle means by a category mistake and how the notion of a category mistake is supposed to be relevant to the mind body problem. For Ryle, a categ
It feels to us as though there are forking paths in the road, as we travel down the road we
have to pick different paths. We have free choices, but determinism says there are NOT
forks. If determinism is right, apparent forks don't really exis
Either it's determined that I'll crash or it's determined that I won't crash.
If it's determined that I'll crash, it doesn't matter if I text while driving.
If it's determined that I won't crash, it doesn't matter wheth
P's deep self consists of P's second-order desires
First-order desires are ordinary desires:
I want to eat a cookie.
I want to drink another glass of wine
Second-order desires are desires about first-order desi
Some people conclude that there is no specific way a particle is going, particle doesn't
have precise position and velocity.
Determinism is true.
If determinism if true, then nobody ever acts freely.
. . 3. Nobod
What is the meaning of life?
Soren Kerikegaard~ a Danish philosopher
Albert Camus ~ denied being an existentialist
~ life has no meaning
~ it's absurd to say that life is meaningless yet to still search for meaning
Article by Thomas Nagel (an analytical p
Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are originators of Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism: Act A is morally right if A maximizes utility
D1: A maximizes utility =df no alternative to A has higher utility than A
D2: The utility of A =df the total
Desires and Causes
Many different things cause 'your desires' ~ habits (which are influenced by your parents'
habits); the aroma of the pizza, past experiences, things my friends and teachers said
Causes have causes and the causes of the causes have cause
Hume proposes~ free acts are the ones caused by our free choices
Soft Determinism 1:
o Person does act A freely =df P does A because he chooses to do A and if P chose not to
do A he wouldn't do A.
^vvvvvvv(quote and Soft Determinism 1 are
People think glory, honor and fame are the highest goals. Aristotle says people who want
glory, honor and fame, well what they really want is assurance of their merit, and
assurance that they're terrific people. Aristotle says pleasure isn't enou
o Bob invested his life savings in a rare and valuable Bugattitoo valuable to
insure. He parks his car near railroad siding and goes for a walk. He sees a
small child on the track. The train can't stop and the child is too far away
-Kane's Event-Causal Libertarianism
Self-forming actions occur when we are torn between competing goals, this
decreases thermodynamic equilibrium in our brains, making neurons sensitive to microindeterminacies
So a single indeter