Mysticism and the Kabbalah
Close communion with god based on inner experience
o Ex: Moses on Mt. Saini face to face with god as he received the torah
o Ezekiels vision of the chariot on which was enthroned the appearance of the
likeliness of the glory
First two centuries, Christianity was underground illegal religion in roman empire
Foundations of the Christian story:
A C is one thats baptized in name of Jesus and identifies with C story
o Story = life of jesus as related to gospels
ARK OF THE COVENANT
Dimensions and Construction. Biblical Data:
The first mention of the Ark in the Bible is in Ex. xxv. 10 et seq., where Moses on Mount Sinai is
told to have an Ark of shittim-wood made for the Commandments which are about to be
The sky goddess Nut is depicted as stretching across the sky to separate chaos from the
orderly world below. She was seen as the guardian of the heavenly bodies and the souls of the
dead after judgment. In this picture the sun travels across the sky durin
TAO TE CHING
Tao (way) Te (power) Ching (classic) - The classic of the way and its power. 81 very
short chapters & short sentences divided into 2 parts.
o 1-37: classic of the way.
o 38- 81: classic of the power.
Laozi/Lao-Tzu- It is said that he is the a
Confucius- (Kung Chiu) The founder of Confucianism.
Mencius- The second great teacher after Confucius. The book of Mencius is one of the 4 Books
of ancient Chinese wisdom.
Benevolence and Rightness- Ren & Yi. Mencius describes benevol
Guru- Spiritual teacher. Only teachers who lead a person to God, Moksha, liberationetc. are
considered Gurus. Ordinary teachers are not Gurus.
There are 10 human Gurus in Sikhism. The present Guru is the scripture Adi Granth or Guru
Jain- follower of the victorious one.
- Anybody who follows Mahavira is a follower of the conqueror
- Jina= conqueror.
In Jainism, Mahavira is given the title Tirthankandra
- Tirthankas- bridge builder. (A bridge to Moksha or liberation.)
- There are 24 t
The chapter where it is stated that the only way to get to know, see & enter Krishna is through
devotion is: Chapter 11- Verse 54.
According to the Gita, people who are devoted to Krishna also do their Dharma. The clearest
sign of devotion is the fulfillm
-Mahavira= Great hero.
-Tirlthankaras- There 24 of them.
-The last Tirlthankaras is the Mahavira.
-His father was a prince of a small kingdom in India. He was brought up as a Hindu. He got
married and he had a daughter. When he became 30, he gave everythi
There was a dramatic turning point in the Buddhas life. That is when he saw the four sights
Aging: A man that is so old that is bent.
Illness: A man that is so sick that he lost all control over his body functions. He
was covered with his own
Sharia Law and the Four Schools of Thought:
The Uncontestable Laws of Islam
I. Islamic Law
A. Noted terms
1. Sharia. Literally, the path or road which leads to water.
3. Madhab. Islamic School of Thought.
C. Law is determined i
The Traditions (Hadith):
The Sayings of Muhammad as the Law of Allah
So take what the Messenger gives you, and refrain from what he prohibits you. And fear Allah; for
Allah is strict in Punishment.
I. Principles of the Hadith
A. Muhammads C
The Doctrine of Revelation:
Canon is an architectural term that literally means reed or straight rod.
Therefore, it is a metaphor for the collection of book, the Bible, which is our standard in
A Critical Analysis
The Koran is the charter for the community, the document that called it into existence. And ideally
though obviously not always in reality Islamic history has been the effort to pursue and work out the
commandments of the
The Dictated Words of Allah
We sent down the (Quran) in Truth, and in Truth has it descended: and We sent you but to give Glad
Tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Quran which we have divided (into parts from time to time), in
order that y
THE HISTORY OF ISLAM
The Desire for World Domination in the Name of Allah
In the same way that Islam conquered in the 7th century, it is stilling attempting to conquer today.
Rise of the Turks:
Islam under the Auspices of the Ottomans
W. Wilson Cash. The Expansion of Islam: An Arab Religion in the Non-Arab World. London: Edinburgh
Bernard Lewis. Islam in History. 2nd ed. Chicago: Op
Crusades were not military expeditions only begun every generation. There were
hundreds of crusades, many following each other year after year.
The Muslims were not the only enemies of the
The Emerging Mosque:
Growth, Development, and Opposition in Medieval Islam (AD 680-1095)
Shia: The Party of Ali (AD 680)
Shia (or Shi'ah)
"well-trodden path" or "tradition"
"party" or "partisans" of Ali
The Four Horseman:
The First Leaders of Islam (AD 632 661)
The struggle between these rival systems has now lasted for some fourteen centuries. It began with
the advent of Islam, in the seventh century, and has continued virtually to the present day. I
Complexity, Expediency, and Depravity:
The Life of Muhammad
Ibn Ishaq. The Life of Muhammad. Translated by A. Guillaume. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Ibn Warraq, ed. The Quest for the Historical Muhammad. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books
Zwemer, Samuel M. Islam: A Challenge to Faith. New York: Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign
To the follower of Christ, and especially to the student of Christian history, Islam possesses a
GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMINOLOGY
Terms You Need to Know
NB: These terms are the most important and testable terms that you will encounter repeatedly. These
definitions have been adapted from ISLAMIC sources, but my annotations follow the definition when
Eastern Christianity and the Trinity:
Its Development and Influence on Islam
The Five Centers of Christianity in the Early Church
C. Antioch (Syria)
D. Alexandria (Egypt)
If you consider the expansion of Islam o
The Noble Eightfold Path
The Noble Eightfold Path describes the way to the end of suffering, as it was laid out
by Siddhartha Gautama. It is a practical guideline to ethical and mental development
with the goal of freeing the individual from attachments a
The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art
The legends surrounding the life of the Buddha have been the principal sources of
inspiration for the creators of Buddhist art. A knowledge of these are needed for a
meaningful insight into the nuances of Buddhist art,
Tantric Buddhism -Esoteric Buddhism
This movement has a rather obscure beginning based on a text called tantra, rather
than the sutra which is the original Buddhist text. Both of these names imply a
"thread" or "continuous line" which is similar to the na
Shingon became one of the principal Buddhist sects of the Heian period (794-1185)
supplanting earlier sects and enjoying more popular support than its great rival, Tendai
Buddhism. It reached an accommodation with Shint, the native Japanes