Logic- the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates arguments.
Argument- A group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) are claimed to provide
support for, or reasons to believe, one of the others (
730 Philosophy 101: Logic, Reasoning, & Persuasion
Instructor: Daniel Imparato (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Course Description: In this course we will be examining the basic structure of human
reasoning as it is employed both in everyday life and more fo
The Logical Structure of Propositions
1 Logically Structured Propositions
1. Methods for determining if an inference is valid only apply to
inferences whose propositions have a clear logical structure, so that it is
clear that they are either negations, c
The kinds of reasoning in this chapter are ones you do, and typically
do well, on an everyday basis, based on your understanding of basic logical
relationships. They are simple enough that you do them in real time withou
First Order Logic: Sample Exercises & Answers
Translate the following arguments into First Order Logic & demonstrate their validity:
1) Only philosophers are logicians, and anyone whos a philosopher is a thinker. Frege and Russell
are logicians. Therefore
1. The two modes of reasoning are justifying a belief and causally
explaining a phenomenon. Reasons for believing are offered in response to
ignorance of or doubt about the truth of some belief or advisability of cou
First Order Logic
Problem: Many arguments are perfectly valid in ordinary language but cannot be symbolized in
All whales are mammals.
Moby Dick is a whale.
Therefore, Moby Dick is a mammal.