Politics as a Vocation (profession)
Vocation: people have a calling towards the job, living for politics
Politics: any kind of leadership activity, for us to strive for a share of power or to
influence the distribution of power. Exercise the influ
Thomas Hobbes of Malmsbury was a man who lived with fear. In his autobiography, Hobbes
recounted that on the day of his birth in 1588, his mother learned that the Spanish Armada had
set sail to attack England. This news so terrified Hobbes's moth
Chapter 1: How many types of principality are there? And how are they required?
An incoming king can either be his own ruler or influenced by previous rulers
Chapter 2: On hereditary principalities
People are more used to hereditary rule than
Natural Right/right of Nature (self preservation)
All have a fear of death which makes people act violently
Law of Nature: a general rule known by reason
Fundamental (First) Law of Nature: to seek peace but be willing to use war to achieve
Historical Memory and the Construction of Collective Identities: Serbia and Greece
Where we left off Last Week
Sources of identity
o Language, religion, territory, key narratives
Battles/defeats, achievements/setbacks, outstanding figures,
How Nations Remember Their History (10/19/15)
Historiography as Academic Discipline
Historiography is the study of how history is written, what is remembered, and how it is
remembered in society
o Historical memory is the tool of the elites to invent tra
Legal Philosophy Midterm Review
1. Why does Aristotle think that practical reason is necessary in a system
governed by the rule of law?
2. How does the Stoic view of nature relate to natural law theory?
Natural law theory basically states that law should
Classical legal thought
AKA: formalism, mechanical jurisprudence,
slot machine jurisprudence
New in late 1890s: attack on earlier methods
Earlier methods: Follow precedents when clear,
otherwise pursue most just solution, best public
Natural law - having a relationship of how we live together in society
Criticism of Natural Law
a. Law = obey, morality = making people virtuous
b. Its human nature to seek god, so could there be a law making church attendance
The Rule of Law
- The norm that underlies the practice of legal reasoning
- What is it?
- A.V. Dicey
- The supremacy of regular law v. arbitrary power
- Equality before the law of all persons and classes
- Incorporation of constitutional l
Justice - legal in nature
- Does not mean there is a connection between law and morality
- Doesnt mean laws have to be just in order to be laws
- Justice isnt a central parts of laws validity
Justice applies to classes of people
- One standard notion of j
- Gunman situation writ large
- Power conferring rules
- Being obliged / having an obligation
- Being obliged: physiological state
- Having an obligation: social state
- Internal aspect of rules
- Primary rules of obligation
HLA Hart (1907 - 1992)
- Worked as a lawyer
- Worked on publishing Jeremy Bentham and John Austins works
- Utilitarian like Bentham and Austin
- Mainly in regard to punishment
- Influenced by philosophy of Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein
Nature of Politics- Midterm Take-Home Portion
9 March 2016
Sovereignty Vs. Federalism: The More Compelling Approach
Of all the thinkers of modern political theory, the most radical and influential are
the political philosophies of Hob
Implications of Main
Disagrees with Mercantilism, wants a free trade market
Believes the wealth of the nation should be determined based on
goods and services that the nation creates as opposed to gold
Pericles pg. 156-164
o Pg 161
Why is it not possible to just give up on this war?
Athens has become a tyranny
To take it might be wrong but to let it go will be unsafe
George W. Bush said something similar for the Iraq war
o Pg 163
Quiz will be next Friday 2/10
Will include everything till end of this Fridays material first three weeks worth of material
What did Thucydides say was the cause of the Peloponnesian war? Know facts and quotes are well
known. Answer the specif
Causes of War
Book history of palaponesian war
o Talked about this epic conflict between Athens vs Spartans
o Page 48, its noted this is not a book for taste of immediate public but to last forever
o He did not just say this because he was only ar
Causes of War
Prince distinguishes two types of states:
States authority is derived from the citizens, the citizens essentially control the
The people are ruled by a person or authority
Immanuel Kant and his famous 1795 essay perpetual peace
Born in 1724 in city of konigsberg, part of eastern Russia, ethnically German and time when he
was writing he was in Prussia
Konigsberg is known as another name these days (Kaliningrad) So
King, Pan, and Roberts
1. What are their findings?
2. Do their findings support or refute conventional wisdom on this topic?
3. What is and is not censored online in China?
4. Is Chinas censorship common for a non-democracy?
5. Explain social media
1. What is the CCPs position on the topic of remembering Tiananmen? What
does it do to achieve this objective?
2. What is this article based on?
3. What is her focus here? What is she doing that is new?
4. Explain the timeline of events for Tianan
Beja and Goldman
1. Why did the CCP use force to end the demonstration in Tiananmen? What
did that reveal about the CCP?
2. Did the protest in Tiananmen have an impact elsewhere in China?
3. What do they say is the major legacy of Tiananmen?
Questions for Terry:
1. What is his take on Mao?
2. How does he describe Deng and Chinas transformation since Deng?
3. What is his main argument in chapter 11? Is it convincing?
4. What does he say about the perceived benefits of democracy?
5. What does h
1. What is his book about? What is his argument?
2. What does he say about Maoism in post WWII China?
3. Explain and assess his take on democracy. Where does he say political
meritocracy was revived?
4. Why does he say that Singapores
Political Change in China
Department of Political Science
Classroom: RAB 001
Class meets: Tuesdays and Thursdays 3:55 PM-5:15 PM
Due to Chinas increased r
Fu and Cullen
1. What do weiquan lawyers aim to advance? What is the political environment
they operate in? Explain how weiquan lawyers are evolving.
2. What is this article about?
3. In the PRC, can citizens participate in the political process?
1. How does he say many envision the Chinese population? Is this accurate?
2. Are Han Chinese a monolithic group?
3. What happened in Guangdong on June 25? What was the impact of that event
4. How many nationalities officially exist i
What is her argument?
What is consultative authoritarianism?
Why does she focus on the city of Beijing?
What does she base her argument on?
How does consultative authoritarianism go against conventional wisdom?
Does she say civil s