0f persons who "are being measured, does the
re Edure produce Seores that measure what the researcher
° item leve| _
does each item on the sca
- Scale level does the se
aspects of the intended
'9 represent the same intended c
The Research Process
° 1. problem formulation
- 2. designing the study
The research design is designed around the research
question and/or hypothesis
- 3. data collection
° 4. data processing
° 5. data analysis
° 6. interpreting findings
Beware of the e
séatt plot' is: agra p h
,' " tween two variables "
- The independent variable is scaled on the?
horizontal axis '
° The dependent variable is scaled on the vertical
- The points on the graph are pairs of scores on the
IV and DV for persons in a sa
[t'atistical significa nce: Review
A :l'he p-value is used to decide if results are statistically significant
lhe p-value that marks the distinction between statistically significai
and statistically non-signicant is called the "critical pvalue
_ dito' desoribediStrihutio'nis I6 scorn.
11$" Audistribution is a Set of scores arranged from
lowest to highest and in terms 0f the '
frequencies with which each possible score
° There are three main type of descriptive
Measures of cen