Approaches: Trait, Behavioral, Contingency
Contingency - Best approach that fits the situation.
Tannenbaum & Schmidt: Boss-centered and Subordinate-centered Leadership.
Fiedler: High LPC (relationships), Low LPC (task-oriented/Extremes).fav/unfavorable
OrgBeh: How people behave in organizations, application of this knowledge.
Key Elements: People, structure, technology, environment
Human Nature: Each indiv 1) Unique 2) Total human 3) Guided by motivations 4) Has
Organizations: 1)Social systems/
Herbert Simon - 3 Phases of Decision-Making = Intelligence (recognize prob), Design
(alts), Choice (select).
- Administrative Man (satisficing) Economic Man (optimizing).
Bounded Rationality Model: (heuristics) People try to find best sol
Organizational Structure: How tasks are divided, grouped, co-ordinated.
Key Elements: Work Specializ, Departmentaliz, CofComm, Span of Control,
Work Specializ/Division of Labor: Task = various steps by different spe
Leadership: Leader. Followers. Situation. Trait = early theories
Trait Theories: Personality/social/phys/intell traits of leaders.
Behavioral Theories: Behaviors of leaders. Leadership can be taug
Learning: Change in ACTIONS/BEHAVIOR (not just thought/attitudes) via an
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov): Learn an unusual response to a stimulus. (Dogs: Bell
Operant Conditioning (Skinner): "Consequences". Desired behavior =
Management by Objectives (MBO): Drucker. Participative, set goals
(tang/verif/measurbl), timeframe, regular feedback
OB Modification: 5-steps: ID perf-related behavs, meas behavs, ID contingencies, Dev
intervent strat, Eval improvement.
QWL (Quality of Wo
GENDER PAY GAP
WOMEN MAKE ABOUT $0.78 TO A MANS $1.00 ACCORDING TO THE BUREAU
OF LABOR STATISTICS.
DATA COLLECTED BETWEEN 2009 AND 2013 SHOWS THAT SECRETARY WAS
THE MOST COMMON JOB FOR WOMEN, AND HAS B