Globalization (Part 3)
Ulrich Beck: Cosmopolitan sociology
1) The main focus is not society but the whole world
2) Examine multiple, intersecting world-spanning processes
3) Avoid West-centric outlooks
John Urry: Sociology Beyond Societies
1) Global flows
Globalization (Part 2)
Nation-state IS NOT losing power
Hirst & Thompson:
- TNCs do not have total control of national economies
- States still have primary control over taxes & welfare spending
- International bodies like UN made up of, and dependent on,
Globalization (Part 1)
1) Globalization of Politics
- The end of the nation-state?
2) Globalization of Social Relations
- The stretching of social relations
3) Globalization of Culture
- Homogenization: Cultural imperialism
- Culture clashes
SOCI Global (Part 11) Also: It is difficult to find the basis for a sociological understanding of nature and the environment in classical sociology (Durkheim, Marx, Weber). These thinkers seem to present an `anthropocentric' (human-centred) view which lea
SOCI Global (Part 10) As a result of this Nature/Society separation: Environmental degradation and pollution seen as outside the domain of sociological knowledge. It has been difficult to connect core sociological issues (power, class and inequality) to e
SOCI Global (Part 9) Sociology and the Environment They have therefore tended to believe that sociologists should study society and natural scientists should study nature. Sociologists have also felt the need to defend themselves against `biological reduc
SOCI Global (Part 8) 4. As the population of developing countries undergoes a demographic transition in the years to come, what is likely to be the consequence?
a. The population of these countries will steadily fall. b. There will be rapid growth of citi
SOCI Global (Part 7) 2. According to David Harvey, urbanism is a process that involves a constant restructuring of space. What influences this process?
a. the movement of new population groups into a city b. the degree to which cities remain undiversified
SOCI Global (Part 6) The environment and society Global warming-also a human product-affects us all. Energy consumption may outstrip certain resources.
Sustainable development and change New sustainable development policies seek equilibrium between enviro
SOCI Global (Part 5) Studying global populations The study of population is called demography. Important terminology: Crude birthrate Fertility and fecundity Crude death rate (mortality) Life expectancy and life span
Consequences of population change Rapi
SOCI Global (Part 4) Urban renewal Gentrification is a process whereby wealthy people buy and renew deteriorating properties in cities. Tends to be good for property values but bad for the previous, low-income residents.
Global cities Saskia Sassen's glob
SOCI Global (Part 3) Rural life Stereotypes of idyllic rural America often misrepresent rural realities Rural areas = 75% of land, but hold only 17% of the population. The rural population has been in decline for most of the twentieth century.
SOCI Global (Part 2) Global urbanization 1900 onward: urbanization became a global, not just national, process. That trend intensified from 1950 forward. Global, urban population statistics: 1975: 39% 2000: approximately 50% 2050: estimated 70%
SOCI Global (Part 1) Important issues How cities have changed and why Rural, urban, and suburban living Globalization and urbanization Population growth and its consequences Globalization, urbanization, growth, and the environment
Ancient cities Organized