Environmental Content (Part 2)
Collection of parts that generate a regular or predictable pattern
Society and Environment are an interconnected system
Connections may amplify or dampen the effects of human actions on the environment
Environmental Content (Part 1)
The critical association between societal well-being and environmental quality is
increasingly becoming a topic of Sociological inquiry. Environmental Sociology as a
subdiscipline within Sociology explores the various forms
Environmental SOCI (Part 10)
The Critical Realist view of nature an example:
Peter Dickens (1996) - Examines the
industrialisation of agricultural production.
The introduction of industrial techniques
into animal and crop farming has massively
Environmental SOCI (Part 11)
Increasingly some sociologists have tried to find alternatives to the polarised opposition between
constructionism and realism.
McNaghten and Urry (1998) Contested Natures
Rather than focus either upon a
supposedly objective w
Environmental SOCI (Part 9)
Critics of social constructionism would argue
that none of these human social constructions
of fish alters the reality of fish.
i.e. their natural characteristics and capacities remain the same regardless of how they a
Environmental SOCI (Part 8)
Keith Tester (1991) A fish is only a fish if it is socially classified as
one Animals are a blank paper which can be inscribed with any
message and symbolic meaning that society wishes. (46).
So for Tester there is no fish
Environmental SOCI (Part 7)
And these systems of classification
(or meanings) are the products
of our culture and society, they
are not given by nature.
Example: Climate Change.
Social constructionists emphasise the
social and political context of our
Environmental SOCI (Part 6)
i.e. Because human beings are reflexive (they can reflect upon
their own actions and change them), this means that society
and nature are fundamentally different kinds of entity.
So with the partial exception of Marx (who was n
Environmental SOCI (Part 5)
Especially important were Durkheims
efforts to establish that there is a social
level of reality which is unique and
cannot be explained in terms of biology
So Durkheim entrenched the idea that
the validity of s
Environmental SOCI (Part 4)
Becks Risk Society Cont.
Continuation of Modernization (not Postmodernity) Processes
New Stage based upon Reflective Modernization (Unseen, unplanned,
Shift of discourse / conflict .over material ineq
Environmental SOCI (Part 3)
Treadmill of Production [TOP]
Reading: Schaiberg et al. Treadmill of Production
Large Body of Works Schnaiberg and a fine cadre of students
Two Types of Treadmills
Treadmill of Produc
Environmental SOCI (Part 2)
Review of DWW/ HEP/ NEP Cont.
New Ecological Paradigm
1. Even though humans have exceptional characteristics (culture,
technology, etc), they are but one among many species that are
interdependently involved in the global ec
Environmental SOCI (Part 1)
NY PIRG Representative
Learning How to Read [for this course]
Review of DWW/ HEP/ NEP Paradigms
Treadmill of Production