Inequality (Part 1)
What is inequality? (orwhat is equality)?
How do we know it when we see it (what are the types of ways that people can be
We can call these ways th
Chapter 4-5 Summary
Ch. 4 - Arresting the Imagination
How do people come to define the game as rigged or fair?
These questions are best answered through the rubric of ideology
Sociologists define ideologies as belief systems that func
What is network mapping?
Tool for making sense of complex systems
Graphical representation of the network of connections (edges) between
Why use network mapping?
Social Capital Theory - Relationships have v
Chapter 8 Summary - Escaping the Inequality Trap
One sociological argument to fix inequality is to develop our science and technology so
that we can eventually create an abundance of everything needed to live a full,
rewarding human life
Inequality (Part 10)
If we have an open system, why do we see a lack of opportunities to move between
In the United States, the federal poverty line (an absolute measure of annual income) is
frequently used to determine who should be c
Inequality (Part 9) Accomplishment of natural growth - which emphasizes loving children and providing for them and giving children much more leisure time that is self-directed and unstructured. Concerted Cultivation Theories of Social Class Symbolic Inter
Inequality (Part 8)
He believed that the classes would remain divided and social inequality would grow.
Has social inequality grown?
Theories of Social Class
Max Weber offered a similar model that also included cultural factors.
He argued that class
Inequality (Part 7)
How unequal are we?
Distribution of Net Worth (assets liabilities), 2001
How unequal are we?
The top-earning 20 percent of Americans - those making more than $100,000 each year
- received 49.4 percent of all income generated in the
Inequality (Part 6)
Social Classes in the United States
The upper-middle class:
Professionals and managers
Make up about 14% of the U.S. population
Benefited the most from college
The middle class consists primarily of
White collar workers
Inequality (Part 5)
Every society has some form of social stratification, but societies group people on
different criteria (such as race, class, and gender).
Social stratification is a characteristic of society; it persists over g
Inequality (Part 4) "If we struggle with these basic measurements, all the questions raised previously will always be up for debate. Generally, we agree that there is great inequality in the US, and that it is rising. but we argue over specifics." The Goa
Inequality (Part 3)
No such thing as a social class structure where groups organize against one another
based upon economic distinctions
A second group argue that there are social classes at the economic extremes (the
extremely wealthy and
Inequality (Part 2)
Is Inequality Inevitable?
There are no structural constraints stopping people. Inequality is always present because
people are more or less talented/or exert more or less effort.
Inequality is not inevitable. It is caused b
Ch. 6-7 Summary
Regulating the Action
Side Bets & Identity Stakes
Side bets in sociological terms refers to secondary benefits that depend
on some course of action.
A great amount of side bets depend on ones job
These secondary benef