Literature (Part 3)
Overview of Romanticism
Genre/Style :Character Sketches, Slave Narratives, Poetry, and short stories.
Effect/Aspects :Integrity of nature and freedom of imagination.
Historical Context :Publishing expands and industrial revolution brin
Periods (Part 4)
Strong use of symbolism
Dark landscapes, depressed characters
Nathaniel Hawthorne (novels, short stories)
Herman Melville (novels, short stories, poetry)
Edgar Allan Poe (short stories, poetry, literary criticism
Periods (Part 3)
Revolution in transportation, science,
Industrial revolution made old ways of doing things are now irrelevant
Writers celebrated individualism, nature, imagination, creativity, and emotions.
Interest in fantasy a
Periods (Part 2)
Writing is utilitarian; writers are amateurs (not professional writers)
Writing is instructivesermons, diaries, personal narratives,
Puritan Plain Style simple, direct
Periods (Part 1)
Overview of American Literature
The history of
the literature of American history.
Native American Period
Oral tradition of song and stories
Original authors unknown
Written accounts come after co
Literature (Part 2)
No timeline of American colonial literature would be complete without
mentioning Cotton Mather, the master scholar. Third in the four-generation
Mather dynasty of Massachusetts Bay, he wrote at length of New England in o
Literature (Part 10)
Realism - Characteristics
objective writing about ordinary characters in ordinary situations; real life
Character is more important than action and plot; complex ethical choices are often the
Characters appear in their real c
Literature (Part 9)
literary movement that was an extension of Realism
depicted real people in real situations like realism, but believed that forces larger than the
individual nature, fate, heredity shaped individual destiny
Naturalism - Characteristics
Literature (Part 8)
Department of State. 2 Apr. 2006 <http:/usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/oal/oaltoc.htm>.
Realism and Naturalism
Realism, n. The art of depicting nature as it is seen by toads. The charm suffusing a
Literature (Part 7)
Contemporary Period (1970s-Present)
Overview of Contemporary Period
Genre/Style :Narrative, fiction, nonfiction, anti heroes, emotional, irony, storytelling,
autobiographical, and essays.
Effect/Aspects :Shift in emphasis from homogen
Literature (Part 6)
Historical Context :Mass African American Migration to Northern Urban Centers.
African Americans are given more access to media and publishing.
Harlem Renaissance (1920s)
Ralph Waldo Ellison
Born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Ellison a
Literature (Part 5)
The Moderns (1900-1950)
Overview of The Moderns
Genre/Style :Novels, Plays, Poetry, experiments in writing styles, interior monologue,
and stream of consciousness.
Effect/Aspects :Pursuit of American Dream, Admiration for America, Opti
Literature (Part 4)
American Renaissance/ Transcendentalism (1840-1860)
Born on Long Island, New York, Walt Whitman was a part-time carpenter, whose
brilliant, pioneering work expressed the country's democratic spirit. Whitman
was mostly se
Periods (Part 5)
Local color writers (also known as Regionalists) focused on a particular region of the
country, seeking to represent accurately the culture and beliefs of that area.
Emphasized accurate portrayals of the physical landscape as well as the