Holocaust Notes (Part 1)
10 Historical Core Concepts
1. Pre-War Jewry
3. Weimar Republic
4. Totalitarian State
6. U.S. and World Response
7. The Final Solution
Jews were living
Facts (Part 3)
ordered Einsatzs to round up and kill Jews in occupied countries
leader of RSHA
Heydrich assassinated 1942
Czech underground agents bombed his car
SS hunted down and killed 1000 suspects
Czech town of Lidice was liquidated
Hilter called hi
Facts (Part 2)
Jewish stores, shops and synagogues burned down
Took place because a German official was killed in Paris by a Jew
November 9, 1939
Reinhard Heydrich is ordered to speed up emigration of Jews
The St. Louis is turned away from the US.
Facts (Part 1)
DEFINE THE TERMS HOLOCAUST AND GENOCIDE.
DESCRIBE ANTI- JEWISH POLICIES PASSED BY THE NAZIS IN THE 1930S.
IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE HITLERS FINAL SOLUTION PROGRAM.
DESCRIBE THE CONCENTRATION AND DEATH CAMPS USED I
Holocaust Notes (Part 12)
During the Holocaust ghettos were city districts in which the Germans concentrated the
Jewish population and forced them to live in miserable conditions. Ghettos isolated Jews by
separating them from the non-Jewish population. Th
Holocaust Notes (Part 10)
A prisoner in Dachau is forced to stand without moving for endless hours as a
punishment. He is wearing a triangle patch identification on his chest.
A chart of prisoner triangle identification markings used in Nazi concentrati
Holocaust Notes (Part 9)
July 23, 1938 - Nazis order Jews over age 15 to apply for identity cards from the police,
to be shown on demand to any police officer.
May 1939 - The St. Louis, a ship crowded with 930 Jewish refugees, is t
Holocaust Notes (Part 8)
March 22, 1933 - Nazis open Dachau concentration camp near Munich, to be followed
by Buchenwald near Weimar in central Germany, Sachsenhausen near Berlin in northern
Germany, and Ravensbrck for women.
April 1, 1933 - Nazis stage
Holocaust Notes (Part 7)
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order allowing Jewish refugees to enter
the United States without normal immigration restrictions.
The Nuremberg Trials brought some of those responsible for the atrocit
Holocaust Notes (Part 6)
Denmark and Bulgaria were the most successful national resistance movements against
the Nazis attempt to deport their Jews.
In Denmark 7,220 of the 8,000 Jews were saved by ferrying them to neutral Sweden.
The Danes proved
Holocaust Notes (Part 5)
Antisemitic attitudes played a role in the failure to help refugees.
U.S. and World Response
The SS St. Louis, carrying refugees with Cuban visas, were denied admittance both in
Cuba and in Florida. After being turned back to Eu
Holocaust Notes (Part 4)
Question evolved in three steps:
1. Expulsion: Get them out of Germany
2. Containment: Put them all together in one place namely ghettos
3. Final Solution: annihilation
Nazis targeted other individuals and groups in a
Holocaust Notes (Part 3)
Extremists blamed Jews for Germanys defeat in WWI and blamed the German Foreign
Minister (a Jew) for his role in reaching a settlement with the Allies.
The German mark became worth less than the paper it was pri
Holocaust Notes (Part 2)
In the Russian Empire in the late 1800s, the government incited attacks on Jewish
neighborhoods called pogroms. Mobs murdered Jews and looted their homes and stores.
Hitler idolized an Austrian mayor named Karl Lue
Facts (Part 4)
Most humane camp
well connected Jews and war veterans
Jews married to Aryans could pay to go to this camp
Red Cross inspected this camp, good rating
stop over on the way to Auschwitz
Started out as ordinary concentration camps