China (Part 1)
Classical Civilization: China
500 B.C.E. to 600 C.E.
Dynastic* Circles of Classical China
Zhou 1122 B.C.E. 256 B.C.E.
Period of Warring States 403 B.C.E. 221 B.C.E.
Qin 221 B.C.E. 207 B.C.E.
Han 206 B.C.E. 220 C.E.
*A dynasty is a fami
Dynasties (Part 5)
Confucius saw many problems in the world and wanted to correct them. When his attempts to
become an advisor to a number of different government officials failed, he became a teacher.
Peace and Order
The most important things to Confuciu
Dynasties (Part 4)
The Silk Road
In order to make trade possible , Emperor Wudi began to develop what has been called in
modern times, the silk road. Following this route merchant traders took silk from China to the
West, and brought glass, linen, and gol
Dynasties (Part 3)
The Great Wall of China
Early emperors had built walls in the northern territories to protect their nation against
attack from outside forces. These walls were spread across the landscape, and not
connected. Qin ordered his people to c
Dynasties (Part 2)
The Zhou set up a new economy, rearranging the affairs of the kingdom. As they did so, the
borders of their kingdom swelled, and they were able to maintain control over the people they
Zhou Regional Rulers
Dynasties (Part 1)
Ancient Chinese Civilization
Dynasties, the Mandate of Heaven, the Silk Road
Four Thousand Years of Civilization
Chinese civilization extends backwards in history in an unbroken chain for nearly four thousand
years. Throughout this time
China (Part 11)
Communist China (Topic 3 Single-party state) Themes:
Origins - Conditions that produced CC.
Establishment, methods, form of government, totalitarianism, treatment of
Ideology of Mao and Chinese communists.
Role of educatio
China (Part 10)
Tight family organization helped solidify economic and social views as well as political
Stressed authority to extremes. Confucius said, There are no wrongdoing parents.
Law courts did not prosecute parents who injured or killed chi
China (Part 9)
Trade During Classical China
Trade became more important during Zhou and Han dynasties.
Focused on luxury items for upper class.
Produced by artisans in the cities silks, jewelry, leather goods, and furniture.
Technological Developments Dur
China (Part 8)
Calligraphy, bronze, pottery, carved jade and ivory, silk screens.
Science in China During Classical Period
Chinese astronomers developed calendar based on year of 365.5 days.
Later astronomers calculated movement of planets.
China (Part 7)
Whereas the Qin stressed central authority, the Han expanded the powers of the
Political Organization Under the Han
Emphasized importance of creating a large, highly skilled bureaucracy. (130,000
Han Wudi estab
China (Part 6)
Promoted manufacturing, particularly of silk cloth.
Burning of Books and Execution of 460 scholars who criticized his policies.
The Demise of Shi Huangdis Dynasty
High Taxes that supported military expansion and construction of Great Wall.
China (Part 5)
Qin Shi Huangdi (First Emperor) made himself sole ruler of China.
Shi Huangdi was a brutal but effective ruler.
He assumed control of feudal estates.
He ordered nobles to leave regions and appointed non-aristocratic bureaucrats to regions.
China (Part 4)
Favored authoritarian state that ruled by force.
Human nature is evil and requires discipline and restraint.
In a proper state, the army controls and the people labor.
Educated discourse and courtesy are frivolous.
Confucianism values still
China (Part 3)
Ren: attitude of kindness and a sense of humanity
Li: sense of propriety ( in good taste with good manners); respectful
Xiao: filial piety which means respect for family; in particular, childrens respect to
parents and fami
China (Part 2)
Emperors considered Sons of Heaven.
Banned human sacrifice.
Standardized spoken language, ultimately called Mandarin Chinese, which prevailed over
entire Middle Kingdom.
Regional languages remained but ed
Dynasties (Part 6)
In order to eliminate their desires for worldly things, and thus end the cycle of rebirths, the
Buddha taught his people to follow eight principals:
Know the truth
Say nothing hurtful
Free the mind from evil