Clinical (Part 1)
What is Clinical Psychology?
The field of clinical psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to understand,
predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote
human adaptation, adjustment, a
Clinical (Part 9)
Problems With DSM Approach
Individuals who share few signs/symptoms receive the same diagnosis
Example: Major Depressive Disorder
Of 9 criteria only 5 must be met.
Must have either depressed mood or loss of pleasure
Plus 4 of remai
Clinical (Part 8)
Each disorder is conceptualized as:
A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern
Occurring in an individual
That is associated with:
Disability in one or more areas of functioning OR
Clinical (Part 7)
But this leads to serious problems for the HD analysis because, when H and D are
dissociated, all sorts of things end up qualifying as disorders that are difficult to justify.
Lilienfeld & Marinos Example of Driving Disorder
Clinical (Part 6)
Goals of Classification
Definition of disorder constructs is meant to describe and distinguish between problems
in ways that permit or lead to understanding of their:
Behavioral, psychological, social, and biological correlates
Clinical (Part 5)
Binges are often carried out in secret
Binges involve eating massive amounts of food rapidly with little chewing
Usually sweet foods with soft texture
Binge-eaters commonly consume more than 1500 calories (often more than 3000
Clinical (Part 4)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Can occur at any age and affect all aspects of life
4% of U.S. population affected each year
8% of U.S. population affected sometime during life
Ratio of women to men is 2:1
Some events are more like
Clinical (Part 3)
More are undoubtedly on the way
Getting a Feel For the Territory: Some Case Examples
Purpose: To illustrate the great diversity of problems of living dealt with in clinical
Examples (based on DSM-IV categorie
Clinical (Part 2)
Do I want to do therapy?
Do I want to conduct assessments?
Do I want to do research?
Do I want to teach?
Where do I want to work?
As demonstrated by what?
Overarching importance of faculty advisin
Clinical (Part 10)
Preliminary work has begun on DSM-V
Series of planning conferences have produced a monograph comprising 6 white
papers detailing a research agenda for DSM-V (Kupfer et al., 2002).
Produced under a partnership between the American Psy