Personality The enduring patterns of thought, feelings, and behavior
Psychodynamic Theory Freud believed that personality stems from psychological forces such as wishes,
fears, and intentions
Structural model id= impulsive, child-like, and aggressive
individual differences the study of observable differences between individuals in terms of their
underlying psychological determinants
*biological causes and environmental events
ancient chinese had civil service exams: oral exams given every three year
Section three book notes
Physical development- involves growth and changes in the body,
the senses, motor skills and wellness
Cognitive development- involves learning, attention, memory,
language, thinking, reasoning, and creativity
Improving Long Term Memory
What metaphor might be useful in conceptualizing long-term memory (i.e., about a filing
Long term memory as an infinetly large filing system.
What two broad categories of memory are stored in long-term memory? How might
How would Skinner react to any attempt to define learning in terms of processes that
occur within the mind?
Learning is the gaining of information. Between stimulus and response is the mind.
Skinner rejects this approach to put a mind
Stage Theory of Memory
Again, what is the first stage of memory and how might it be defined in formal terms?
Sensory registration: brief lingering of stimuli in our sytem
What is the capacity and duration of this first stage of memory?
Its very short. Cap
Research into Memory
What three basic methods do cognitive psychologists use for studying memory?
Recall: remember a previously presented stimulus.
Recognition: remembering of a previously presented stimulus by selecting it from
How does radical behaviorism understand the person?
Stimulus response psychology. Dont look inside skin but outside in the
environment. Persons product of nurture.
How specifically is a person to be described in terms of S-R relations
James Lange Theory
What does the James-Lange Theory attempt to explain?
What two individuals articulated this theory?
In very general terms, what does the James-Lange theory say about emotional
Emotional experience is
What are the four components of any classical conditioning situation?
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned response (UCR)
Conditioned stimulus (CS)- learned stimulus. Initially neutral environmental event
that comes to produce
Schedules of Reinforcement
What is a schedule of reinforcement?
Rules that specify the relationship between responding and reinforcement
What are the two basic types of reinforcement schedules? Which type is probably more
common in the social life of pers
Introduction to Conditioning
What final generalization about persons might eliminative reductionists use to summarize
their overall position?
A person is an information unit.
What does this generalization imply about the structure of persons?
Look at peop
What prominent psychologist is associated with the development of Drive Theory?
What is a primary need?
Goal that is necessary for survival
What are some examples of primary needs?
Food and water, sex/reproduction
What is a primary
Defining Motivation and Emotion
How might research into emotion and motivation be framed within the context of the
Composite/Ecological Model of the person?
S STM R
How do the historical origins of the words emotion and motivation suggest that these
Composite/Ecological Model of the Person
We developed a Composite/Ecological Model of the person during this lecture. What is a
model in this instance? And what does the word composite mean in this context?
Mind and body can interact
How is the per
Psych 101 Exam 2 MC Study Guide, Fall 2007 There will be 30 multiple choice questions on the exam covering Chapters 5, 6, 8, and 10. Please read the chapters and go over the PowerPoint presentations on Blackboard to review the following areas: Chapte