MUSL 147 Final Review Part 1
The listening examples will be chosen from the following selections. As in the past, you
will be asked the title, the composer and/or performer, and pertinent about the selection,
its creator, and tangential info
Psalm singing and singing schools:
The old way:
o [1649-1660: English Civil War. Monarchy dissolved, Charles I
o When the monarchy was reinstated in 1660, the monarch could not
rule without the consent of Parliament.
o ] By approximately 1700,
o A ballad is a narrative song in strophic form.
o Ballads served to
(1) tell stories, entertain, and,
(2) to teach a moral lesson.
Ballads reach back to the Middle Ages.
The ballads that came to North America were
Shared characteristics of west central African music:
o 1. Steady pulse.
(Music sung with no accompaniment often has a more variable
o 2. Predominantly vocal music, but most often with percussion
o 3. Call-Response.
Native American Indian:
Importance of songs: Each of these groups had its own culture and its
own music. There were similarities, but there also were differences.
Identity was local. But they all had songs
true songs: True songs, or songs with the most
Lowell Mason and edificiation:
Edification = intellectual, moral, and spiritual improvement
Scientific music: Worship required its own special music that would
elevate the listener and subsequently promote edification. This music
should be based on the
Music of enslaved Africans:
Arwhoolies: Hollers (sometimes called field hollers or arwhoolies):
personal and usually solo communications; also sometimes expressed
feelings, relieved loneliness
Spirituals: sacred folk songs. Demonstrate an African respon
Crawfords notes: None of the music of the War for Independence was
written with concert performance in mind. The music . . . Was functional,
not artistic. The instrumental pieces were played not only for
entertainment and dancing but also f
Urban Revivalism and Gospel Hymns:
Between the end of the Civil War and WWI, the U.S. became the worlds foremost
industrial nation (IAM 274). This brought huge numbers of people into cities,
particularly in the north. Wages were low, work was hard, and pe
o The ideas that became critical to the Great Awakening came to America
with German migrants in the 1720s.
o They were Pietist
paid little attention to theological dogma, emphasizing instead
moral behavior, emotional church services, an
The two traditions: (1) America the United States is a unique and
individual nation with it own musical traditions that started during
colonial times and continue to develop into the 21st century. American
music should reflect this origin
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 2
Populism and the Great Depression.
In the 1920s and 1930s, Modernism was an important movement in European and
American art music. It grew increasingly far from the interests of mainstream
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 3
William Grant Still. AfricanAmerican composer who used blues, popular African
American musics in his art music (AfroAmerican Symphony, which we
listened to in class).
Like Gershwin, he was criticized for using popular musical
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 4
Populism, roots of country, and neofolksongs.
Roots of country music:
First called Old Time Music
Then called Hillbilly music, after Al Hopkins, when asked what the name of
his string band was, said, Call the band anything you
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 5
Jimmie Rodgers: first big star
represents the other side of country music: rambler, urban,
incorporated popular, jazz, and blues styles into his music; was highly
receptive to AfricanAmerican influences, esp. blues
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 6
Guthrie became the musical mentor of Pete Seeger, who went on to become another
political activistfolk singer and who cofounded the Almanac Singers, a folk
group including Guthrie who had a popular hit song with Leadbellys Goo
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 7
Big Band Swing was popular until after WWII.
Bebop and Race Identity.
During the war, AfricanAmerican musicians created a new sound that rejected the
esthetic of the big band style. It is connected with a growing African
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 8
1970: Company. Music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, book by George Furth. Deals
with urban anxiety and the fear of commitment in 1970s New York. Plot concerns Robert
and his married friends, all of whom want him to be married
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 9
Moved in a path opposite that of the postwar modernists.
He only prescribes certain parameters of performance, leaving other aspects
of the result to the performer or to the operation of chance, in some
form or anoth
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 10
Rock n roll
Generally, and for our purposes, rock n roll refers to music before 1959, although
the style of 1950s rock n roll has never really gone out of fashion.
Rock, often with a preceding adjective (punk rock, art rock,
MUSL 147 Final Review Part 11
Nonrock postwar popular music(s).
The older, Tin Pan Alley model of (nonrock n roll) popular songs continued, in part
because older adult audiences for the most part did not accept rock n roll and instead
Minimalism and Postm
Jacksonian Era witnessed the growth of a mass market for sheet music.
(1) The ability for songs to gain popularity all across the country due to
expanding communication and transportation venues. (2) The populism of
the Jackson administra
Contexts of Native
American Indian songs
In times of battle and anxiety, warriors
made vows to take part in the Sun
Dance, during which they received
gashes in their arms and were
suspended from the ground by their
flesh. By demonstrating such s