Who Said What? Introducing and Contextualizing Quotations
Quotations (as well as paraphrases and summaries) play an essential role in academic writing,
from literary analyses to scientific research papers; they are part of a writers ever-important
USING QUOTATIONS EFFECTIVELY
When should you quote?
1. When the authors exact language will support your ideas better than a paraphrase or summary
2. When the language is striking or highly nuanced, allowing for multiple interpretation
USING PARAPHRASES EFFECTIVELY
When should you paraphrase?
1. When you need to discuss details from the source material rather than just the main ideas
found in a
2. When the authors ideas and facts are more important than the language used to des
Common Transition Words and Phrases
1. Addition: use when presenting multiple ideas that flow in the same direction, under the same
also, another, finally, first, first of all, for one thing, furthermore, in addition, last of all, likewise,
USING SUMMARIES EFFECTIVELY
When should you write a summary?
1. When a quotation or paraphrase would give unneeded detail or distracting minutiae.
2. When several different kinds of information from the same source and author were provided
over many pages