Section 2.0c: the nuclear quantum many-body problem
The aim of theoretical nuclear physics
The aim of theoretical nuclear physics is to study the quantum many-particle aspects of two
of natures four fundamental forces: the strong and the weak interaction.
Section 2.1a Notes (see slides in same section)
Nuclear chart, decay modes, neutron- and proton driplines
When one examines the nuclear chart, one nds that a given element, characterized by the
proton number Z, has almost always several stable nuclear is
Nuclear astrophysics (see slides in Section 2.1c)
1) Hans A. Bethe and Gerald Brown, How a Supernova Explodes, Scientic American (May
2) RIA Physics White Paper (Nucl. physics conference at Raleigh, NC, summer 2000)
I1ht4- ~"k~ ~f t?v+~c ~ ~Pcfw_ ~
~h (-"~/'V-~) ~ ~Ccfw_-.h" CtC~ .
J:e~ rru-kk ~ ~t ~(W~ m I ht~k- "
~v ~'JAt T L /-ft:"f ~ +O<f~ fNk~ &cfw_ .J'~ C;( .
A-C-V(k~/ 10 .J>1~
Section 1.3 Notes: nuclear units and constants of nature, with examples
length unit: Fermi = femtometer = fm = 1015 m.
energy unit: MeV or GeV.
time unit: either second [s] or [fm/c].
Constants of nature relevant to nuclear physics (July
Section 2.0a: the four fundamental interactions,
leptons and hadrons, quarks, standard model
The four fundamental interactions and gauge bosons
What is the origin of the four fundamental forces of nature? In classical physics one explains
these forces by
Section 1.2 Notes (see slides in same section)
This material is taken from various nuclear accelerator home pages on the World-Wide-Web.
Electron accelerator: CEBAF at Newport News, Virginia
CEBAF is an acronym for Continuous Electro