Abnormal Psych Study Guide
How do we define abnormal behavior?
Not always easy to define
o Features are neither necessary nor sufficient
o Prototypic models are often best
Often a matter of values
o Example: homosexuality
Context important an
There are many different ways to define normal and abnormal.
1. Statistical infrequency can be one marker of abnormality. In other words, behavior that
falls at one extreme or the other when looking at a bell curve.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Humans are good by nature - influenced by culture/society
Unconditional Positive Regard
Need this to accept all parts of personality
Two components of abnormal behavior
Dysfunction - failure of an internal mechanism to perform a natural function for which it was
Harm - consequences that occur to the person because of the dysfunction
Scientific definition of a disease
progressive mental deterioration caused by untreated syphilis
recognized syphilis as a distinct disorder
inoculated patients with syphilis, those who didn't get it already had the disease
understanding of syphilis
nature, cause, and treatment of mental disorders
allows for psychological cause
underlying psychobiological dysfunction causing distress, impairment, disability
cultural definition of ab
Midterm Study Guide Psy 215 (Abnormal)
Chapter 1: Overview
- Definitions of abnormality
o Disease vs disorder
Disease implies biological causation
Disorder implies psychological causation
o Statistical definitions
Behavior is abnormal if it is rare (wh
Notes on Test 2
CHAPTER 7 ANXIETY DISORDERS
Nature of Anxiety
Response to a perceived future threat making the distinction over whether this adaptive
or maladaptive determines if the anxiety is good or bad.
*The parties in congress tells you the makeup/ideology of the electorate.
* The gender gap in the legislature is much greater than in the electorate and we will talk about
why that is.
*John Quincy Adams and Andrew Johnson both died while
Next class we will discuss structural representation
*The main goal is trust between the representative and the constituent. There are three things to
remember are the components to this trust
1. Qualification- if t
*We will get the exams back on Thursday. We will also get the intro to Professor Zallers work.
Oppenheimer would prefer that we really know what we will write about for our papers.
Differences of Senators and Representatives from last time
*Senators can m
*The key to a good exam answer to questions, especially on the final, is to make conceptual
linkages. We cant just say what happened, we need to explain why it happened using the
concepts we learned in class; we must link up the concepts and the substanti
*Midterm will start promptly at 11:00. It will end promptly at 12:15. There are 2 parts. I, and II.
They will each be 50 points; one part from the reading, and the second part on lectures. One
question will be on a more general topic, and the second will
*We are about a clas behind; we should expect the midterm closer to the 20th than the 18th. No
final decision as of late.
Competitiveness of House Races
Why is there incumbancy advantage, and why did it come up?
There is a partisan component. There are m
*We have spoken a lot about house elections, but little about the senate. There are other things
we need to be aware of other than what we already know about senate races.
1. Only a third of the senates seats are up in any given el
Congress in Historical context
*In the house, the black caucus is close to the actual minority size in the population. This is not
the case for the senate, and that is because they represent much more diverse populations (that
The Midterm is officially going to be on February 20th.
There will be two parts, one part based on the reading materials, the second part about things
discussed in the lectures. The first part will require more technical mastery of the material. We
Washington Internship Institute has a semester in D.C. program with Vanderbilt now, and they
help students to find internships and experiences for a semester.
From Last time: what would it be like to be a congressman in the 18th century?
It took a long t
*On thursday, we will stay in our normal seats.
We will discuss context. The variation we get in house districts are very important to analyze.
The only things that isnt varying, is the size of congressional districts. Senators and
Guest Speaker: Professor John Zaller, UCLA
The topic of Party Nominations
The Study of House Party Nominations
*What is nomination; the process by which candidates get their name on the ballot by means of a
How do you run?
*You sign forms
KNOW KRAEPELIN (1883) most important person in the classification system of the brain
Differentiated major affectedness disorders from schizophrenia although all were considered
-Masturbatory insanity: internal toxins produc
Chapter 15: Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
considers role of developmental processes in the onset and expression of disorder
children not just miniature adults; differ in disorders and expression of same disor
Chapter 14: Neurocognitive Disorders
formerly called organic mental disorders (as distinguished from functional mental
deficits following tissue damage depend on:
premorbid personality and competence
nature, location, and extent of
Assessment and Diagnoses
Abnormal Psych 215
Function of Assessment
o Goals of assessment:
You want to describe the Phenomena
You then want to use that to help predict something about the person
you are assessing.