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Location and Distance on Earth
The ability to find places and features on Earth’s surface
using maps and globes is an essential skill required of all
Earth scientists. This e
The Physical World
Locate and label each of the following features on the map handout.
Lithosphere: rocks, minerals, plate tectonics,
erosion and landforms
Geosphere: rocks and minerals
Hydrosphere: rivers, streams, glaciers,
Atmosphere: weather and climate
The Solar System PowerPoint Notes:
The sun is 93 million miles from
The Alpha Centauri is the closest
start to the Earth.
The moon is 211,463 miles from Earth
Light Year light travels at
The North star is 400 trillion miles
TAKE NOTES FROM CLASSIFICATION OF ROCK-FORMING MINERALS TO IGNEOUS
Two classifications of minerals:
Silicate: makes up more than 90% of the Earths
Oxygen and silicon: Make up 75% of Earths crust
Silicate minerals: are made
LOCATION DISANCE ON EARTH/INTRODUCTION TO MAPS
Shaping the Earths surface:
97% of all Earths water is in the oceans.
1% of the water is available to us as water vapor, groundwater, and
Half the population of North America drinks ground water.
Geologic Time- Reading the Rock
Earth is 4.5 billion years old.
Uniformitarianism: the assumption that Earths
geology is the result of slow processes over long
periods of time.
-Two methods of dating rock:
Relative dating: relati
Plate Tectonics and Earths Interior
Seismic Waves: the energy that travels due to
rock moving or breaking under the Earths
Earthquakes cause seismic waves the most
Seismic waves move through surface and
interior of the Earth