One of the main primary factors that can influence why we eat
the way we do is the people you tend to hang around with like
your friends and families. Even though eating with family and
friends is truly a delight and blessing, sometimes it can be a bad
BIOL 1322 Review Sheet for Exam II (Ch. 5-6)
Know the differences between
a. triglycerides an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids. As a blood lipid, they
help enable the bidirectional transference of adipose fat and blood glucose from
BIOL 1322 Review Sheet for Exam I (Ch. 1-4)
Define nutrition-the science that links foods to health and disease
List three characteristics of an essential nutrient.- has specific biological functions,
omission leads to decline,
BIOL 1322 Study Sheet for Exam III
Define basal metabolic rate energy expended for a resting awake body (12 fast and rest)
and resting metabolic rate energy expended for a resting awake body (4 hour fast and 1530 minute rest). What is the difference be
This chapter describes the four classes of lipids: fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids,
and sterols. The basic structure of fatty acids is described and essential fatty acids are discussed,
including dietary recommendations
Biology 1322 Nutrition and Diet Therapy - Exam One Review Sheet
Please be familiar with the content presented in this review sheet. If you have any questions please feel
free to contact me by email or be ready to discuss in the next lecture session.
1. Describe what is meant by a "conditionally essential" amino acid.
Conditionally indispensable amino acids are amino acids that your body
makes under normal circumstances, but when one has certain deficiencies
and disorders the body can no longer produc
1. What is one reason that doctors recommend increasing fluid intake when you are
Each day, we typically lose about 1 to 2 liters of water in urine. If we eat the typical
diet containing excess protein and salt, our urine production increases to eli
1. What are the general recommendations for the balance of carbohydrate, fat and
protein in a physically active person's diet?
It is recommended that for a physically active person, they should consume 60
percent of their calories from carbohydrates. Fat
1. What do the terms saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated mean with
regard to fatty acids?
If all the bonds between the carbon atoms in a fatty acid chain are single bonds, then
the fatty acid is called a saturated fatty acid. A fatty acid with
1. Briefly explain why, in general, excess intake of fat soluble vitamins is more likely
to cause adverse effects than excess intake of water-soluble vitamins.
The kidneys filter out excess amounts of most water-soluble vitamins and excrete
them in urine.
1. What are the differences among a monosaccharide,
disaccharide and polysaccharide?
A monosaccharide is a single sugar unit. A disaccharide is a
molecule of two single sugar units. A polysaccharide is a long
chain of sugar units.
2. Describe the differen
1. List the organs (in order) that make up the GI tract.
2. Name the four "assisting" organs that are not part of the GI
tract but are needed for proper digestion. What are their roles in
For a 2,000 calorie diet, the recommended MyPlate amounts for fruit group is 2 cups, but
to count as 1 whole cup you would either eat 1 cup raw or cooked fruit or cup dried fruit
or even 1 cup of 100% fruit juice. In a vegetable group, 2 cups is recomm
South Texas College
Division of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences
Criminal Justice/Social Sciences Department
Dr. Nihan Kayaardi-Hinojosa
Office: Pecan Campus T-1314
Telephone #: (956) 872-2030
E-mail Address: Please use WebCT
Six classes of nutrients
Philosophy that works consume a variety of foods balanced by a moderate intake of each food
ABCs of measuring nutritional status