Shenaedra Tatum Hopper
Lab 1 A (Correct answers in red)
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Shenaedra Tatum Hopper
Lab 2A (Correct answers in red)
1.Examine the surface weather map presented in Figure 1 of this investigation. The weather map symbols
shown are those typically seen on the Internet, television, and in newspapers. The
1. Briefly describe the characteristics of the mature stage of the life cycle of a thunderstorm
3.What causes the anvil top of a cumulonimbus cloud?
5.Describe how and why thunderstorm frequency varies with Earths surface characteristics.
1.Using Track A frontal positions shown in Texas as the starting point, pencil in the cyclones
estimated cold and warm frontal positions at 12-hour intervals along its predicted path. Draw
the fronts from the low-pressure center at each location. For simp
1.Continental outlines are superimposed on the satellite images for orientation. A small + is
marked in the center of each image approximately where the horizontally positioned equator
intersects the vertical 75 W longitude line. This marks the location o
Shenaedra Tatum Hopper
Lab 1B (Correct Answers in red)
Slowly rotate your hand clockwise while gradually spreading your thumb and fingertips. Go
through about a quarter of your twisting motion. Stop, mark, and label (1 through 5) the
positions of your thu
1.Isotherms are drawn at regular intervals; on this map, the interval between successive
isotherms is [(5)(10)(20)(30)] Fahrenheit degrees.
2.Your temperature analysis reveals a pattern with coldest temperatures located to the
1.Looking down on a Northern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone, surface winds blow
[(clockwise and outward)(counterclockwise and inward)] about the center. [ ]clockwise and
[ ]counterclockwise and inward
2.The specific track of an extratropical cyc
1.Distinguish between weather and climate.
The difference between weather and climate is a measure of time. Weather is what
conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time, and climate is how the
atmosphere "behaves" over relatively
1.During cool or cold weather episodes, fuel must be consumed to make buildings comfortable
living spaces. A useful indicator of fuel consumption for heating purposes is the determination
of heating degree-days. They are calculated by accumulating
Assignment 3: Lecture textbook Exercises
Chapter 1: Review Questions
1. Distinguish between weather and climate
Weather is the state of the atmosphere at some place and time, it is described with quantative
variables such as
1.A mass of cold, dry air is [(denser than)(not as dense as)] a mass of warm, humid air.
Consequently, warmer (lighter) air is often forced to rise above the sloping frontal surface
overlying colder (denser) air.
[ ]denser than
[ ]not as dense as
1.Compressing the air by squeezing the bottle was accompanied by a(n) [(decrease)(increase)]
in the temperature of air inside the bottle.
2.The expansion of air that occurred when the bottle was allowed to return to its orig
1.In this example, the actual winds circulating around the mesocyclone all have the same speed,
as shown by arrows whose lengths are [(the same)(different)].
[ ]the same
2.From one location to another around the mesocyclone, the wind direc
1.Solid lines on the 500-mb map join locations where the 500-mb pressure level is at the same
altitude. These lines, called contours of height, are drawn at intervals of 60 m. The coded height
values on the map are in tens of meters. On the map, contour v
1.Examine Figure 1, the neutral (long-term average or normal) conditions in the tropical Pacific
Ocean from about Borneo in the western Pacific Ocean to the west coast of South America
(greatly exaggerated in the vertical scale). The scene depicts the oce
1.If this air rises as unsaturated (dry) air from 1000 mb, determine its temperature at 500 mb by
following the solid, straight green dry adiabatic lapse rate line passing through the starting
point, up to 500 mb. At 500 mb, the temperature of the
1.Figure 1 shows one tall red block and one short blue block side-by-side on their square bases on the flat
horizontal surface of a table (T).
Because both blocks weigh the same (although they have different volumes) and their bases are the same si
1.As the cold front passes your location, the temperature where you are would typically [(rise)(remain steady)
[ ]remain steady
2.As the cold front moves toward and passes your location, the air pressure would typically [(r
1.The Figure 1 curves show average daily solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere varies the
least over the period of a year at the [(polar)(midlatitude)(equatorial)] location. At that location,
the daily period of daylight is 12 hours in length throu
HEAT, TEMPERATURE, AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. Heat is defined as
a. the equivalent of temperature.
b. a measure of the average kinetic molecular activity of a substance.
c. the name given to the energy transferred
Chapter 2, Review Questions
1. What is thought to be the principle source of water on Earth?
2. The chief source of Earths early atmosphere was outgassing. Explain what is meant by
outgassing. Does outgassing still operate today?
3. Explain how living o
1.What is thought to be the principal source of water on Earth?
3.Explain how living organisms played an important role in the evolution of Earths
5.The significance of an atmospheric gas or aerosol is not necessarily related to its
1.What is the basis for subdividing the electromagnetic spectrum into various forms of
3.Apply Wiens displacement law in comparing the radiational properties of the Sun versus
those of the Earth-atmosphere system.
1.Describe the relationship between the kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules composing a
substance and the temperature of that substance.
3.What is meant by the response time of a thermometer? What type of thermometer has the
2.Explain how the Sun drives the global water cycle.
4.Define vapor pressure. How does Daltons law of partial pressures apply to vapor pressure?
6.On a clear calm day, why does the relative humidity usually decrease from a maximum
shortly after s
1.How does Daltons law apply to the atmosphere?
3.Compare the advantages and disadvantages of a mercury barometer versus an aneroid
5.Air is a compressible mixture of gases. How does this property of air affect the rate at which
2.Identify some of the natural sources of nuclei. What role is played by cloud condensation
nuclei in the formation of a cloud?
4.Describe the general relationships among the altitude, temperature, and composition of
2.What causes horizontal air pressure gradients? How do air parcels respond to a horizontal air
4.Why does the Coriolis Effect reverse direction between the Northern and Southern
6.How does the roughness of Earths