1. True belief is n ot enough for knowledge.
2. JTB theory: knowledge is justified, true, b elief.
3. On giving an a ccount:
a. We give an a ccount of the complex through its parts.
i. But if this
1. Compatibilism: reconciling responsibility (which entails freedom) and
2. The problem is verbal/semantic.
a. If we mean the wrong thing by freedom then of course we wont find
it in the universe.
i. We wont be able to understand
1. Teleology: Happiness is ultimately good.
a. Happiness is defined as sensation: pleasure and the absence of pain.
i. Pleasure should not be thought of in terms of quantity alone.
Humans also respond to pleasures based on their quali
what is happening at a particular moment is unavoidable.
We are powerless to prevent what is happening.
Determinism: all events are rendered unavoidable by their causes.
Taylor: any consistent determinist should be a Fatalist, which results in a
Example 1-Ship owner example
o Doubts about seaworthiness, thoughts about overhaul
o Reasoned to himself
It can make it like it always has
God will protect the innocent
o Ship sinks, people die, ship owner collects insurance.
Ontological Argument for Gods existence by St. Anselm
*This argument is unique in the following way: if it works it is the only known case of
proving something exists simply by understanding the idea of the being in question.
Evidentialism: It is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon
1) Living: hypotheses must resonate with the person (relation to individual thinker)
2) Forced: there can be no third
1. Teleology: Good Will (Rational Agency)
a. Will (according to Kant): conceived as a power of
determining oneself to action in accordance with the idea of
b. Kant offers criticisms of other accounts of teleology:
Intro to Philosophy: Final Exam
1. Responsibility and Morality
a. Chisholm: Metaphysical Libertarianism
i. Incompatibilist-responsibility and determinism are not compatible with each
1. Responsibility: at the time of the act it was up to the
Metaphysical Libertarianism: Chisholm
1. The problem:
a. The two following claims appear to be in conflict:
i. Human beings are responsible agents (freedom).
ii. Every event involved in an act is caused by another event
b. How do they confl
Histology of the Oral Cavity & Salivary Glands
HISTOLOGY OF THE ORAL CAVITY
This lecture will present and illustrate the
histology of the oral cavity, minor and major
Robert W. Ogilvie, Ph.D.
Roger H. Sawyer,
Empiricism: the source and ultimate justification of knowledge in a
particular domain is the senses. The mind/intellect is merely an
organizational tool but contributes nothing of its own to the knowing
1. (215) Hume claims that all ideas
Rationalism: knowledge in a particular domain is determined by the
intellect/understanding. The senses only play a secondary role (Descartes)
1. Method of Doubt: the method employed by Descartes to enable him to
discover an indubitable (undoubtable) certa
Bonjour_Problems with Externalism
1. Two notes on epistemic justification
a. First, it is generic. We are not interested in pragmatic or moral
justification but in epistemic: internal relationship to the cognitive
goal of truth.
b. (180) Second, the conce
Logic and Argument Types
Logic: the study of good reasoning.
Argument: A unit of reasoning; at least two statements one of which purports to
provide support for the other.
o Statement: any sentence that is truth apt.
Truth-apt: the characteristic a sen
Physicalism: all human life (including mental events or states of affairs) are
Dualism: Human life is a composite of physical and nonphysical substances.
Morelands Overarching Strategy:
1. There are feature
Panpsychism: basic physical constituents of the universe have mental
properties whether or not they are parts of living
The Truth of Four Premises Leads to Panpsychism
1. Any living organism is a comp
Armstrong_The Thermometer Model of Noninferential Knowledge
Three views on non-inferential knowledge (basic).
1. Pessimistic View
a. Non-inferential knowledge is confined to the believers
own sensory states.
Existentialism and the Meaning of Life
Camus is an Existentialist.
Existentialism is defined essentially by a brief principle:
Existence precedes essence.
o The common interpretation is that we first find ourselves in a universe
without meaning and only
1. What is the meaning of life?
a. Apatheia: freedom from disturbance (tranquility)
b. Stoics emphasized controlling desire, impressions, and
single-minded attention to duty while relinquishing
control of every part of the world including the bod
1. Ataraxia-(tranquility)-freedom from worry and pain (mental, bodily)
a. Emphasis on sensory knowledge (pleasure and pain).
i. Reason (Intellect) is simply a calculator for most efficiently avoiding pain and
b. Avoid ment
Aquinas: From Causation and Contingency
1. Amongst material things there is a regular order of efficient causality.
a. The efficient cause is that which brings about a change in another thing.
i. Ex: Bread is the cause of nourishment.
EET250 Final Exam
Name: Ronak Patel
Explain the concept of users and groups.
Users and groups are used in GNU and linux for access control.
It is used to gain access to the systems files, directories, and
Explain NTFS and the stand fold
Reductive Materialism-mental states just are states of the brain/nervous system
1. Materialism-all mental states are really physical/material states.
2. Reductivism-all mental terms/vocabulary can be translated into physical
terms/vocabulary such as neuro
HISTOLOGY OF URINARY ORGANS
This lecture will present the histology of the kidney
and urinary tract, which includes the ureter and the
urinary bladder. The urethra is also a part of the
urinary tract. However, its histology will be
Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols
The Study Guide portion of this chapter uses a combination of matching, fill-in-the-blank, multiple-choice,
and open-ended question exercises to test your knowledg