Chapter 4: Cell Theory
List the three statements of the Cell Theory of Life.
1. All living things are composed of cells
2. The cell is the smallest unit of life.
3. New cells arise only from pre-existing cells.
Contrast Prokaryotic and Eukar
Chapter 13 Topics
3 parts of a nucleotide.
-1) a five carbon ribose sugar
-2) a phosphate molecule/group
-3) one of four nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine or uracil
-The sugar molecule has a central position in the nucleotide, with the base
THE HIERCHY OF STUDY
Organs and Organ System
-result from the arrangement and interaction of parts w/in a system
Outline the steps of the Central Dogma.
-DNA is the genetic material
-DNA directs which proteins the cell produces
-But, DNA remains in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells
-Proteins are produced on the ribosomes in the cytoplasm
-RNA is found in th
Identify the three parts of a nucleotide.
-nitrogenous bases (nitrogen containing), double stranded
-pentose sugar (deoxyribose)
Identify the 4 nucleotide base constituents of DNA.
List the classification hierarchy from the largest category to the smallest, and
LEAST TO COMPLEX
Define: operon, gene regulation
-Operon is the entire stretch of DNA that includes the promoter, operator, and the genes
that they control, SAME promoter.
-Gene regulation Distinguish between repressible and inducible operons.
Topics for Chapter 16: Development, Stem cells, and Cancer
Differentiation the process by which cells become specialized in structure and function.
Morphogenesis encompasses the processes that give shape to the organism and its various
CNS, PNS, Reflexes, Special Senses and ANS
Know organization and structure of spinal cord and brain
CNS consists of brain and spinal cord
Gray matter: short, nonmyelinated neurons and cell bodies
White matter: myelinated and nonmyelinat
STUDY GUIDE 3 Articulations, Muscular and Nervous System
Describe the types of joints by structure and function; be able to give examples of each
1. Structural: three types based on what material binds the joints and whether a joint cavity is present
EXAM I STUDY GUIDE
Chapters 1, 2, & 3
1. Be able to define:
Anatomy is the study of bodys structures
Physiology is t
Chemistry Comes Alive
Chapter 2 Lecture Outline
PART 1: BASIC CHEMISTRY
I. Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy (pp. 2527)
A. Matter is anything that occupies space and has mass (p. 25).
1. Mass is equal to the amount of matter in the objec
Metric units of length measurement most commonly used in biology include the meter
(m), centimeter (cm), millimeter (mm), micrometer (m), and nanometer (nm). See Table
How many cm are in a meter? _100cm_ How many mm are in a centi
Chapter 2 notes
Matter - Composed of chemical elements
Element - Cannot be broken down to other elements by chemical means
CHOPS - makes up 98% of the body
Compound - 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio
Body requires salt
Sodium + Chlorine = Salt
12 May 2016
Final Exam Study Guide
Semiconservative replication describes the mechanism by which DNA
is replicated in all known cells. Semiconservative replication would produce
two copies that each contained one of the orig
20 April 2016
Exam Study Guide
Mitosis: a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same
number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue
Apoptosis: the death of
Parental generation (p) Tall (male)
T1 or T2
First filial generation (f1)
T: Dominant Allele
T or t
t= recessive allele
or Tt tt
t1 or t2
T or t
TT or Tt
Dwarf 1 = 3:1
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Re lates hu er,
that, sleep rcllllid
most of your
Controls ell other
19. Blood Vessels
1) Group of vessels where the blood volume is greatest.
A) Large veins
D) Large arteries
2) Which vessels permit the exchange of nutrients and gases between the blood and tissue cells?