BIOLOGY 1406 NCTC-General Biology Fall 2016
Instructor: Dr. Diana Avila
Office Hrs: MW 1:00-2:00 pm room COR261 or by arrangement
email: email me through canvas. All inquiries will be answered by the next day.
Remember to allow a 24-ho
Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles
Overview: Variations on a Theme
Living organisms are distinguished by their ability to reproduce their own kind.
Offspring resemble their parents more than they resemble less closely related
The Cell Cycle
Overview: The Key Roles of Cell Division
The ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind is the one characteristic
that best distinguishes living things from nonliving matter.
The continuity of life is based
An Introduction to Metabolism
Overview: The Energy of Life
Concept 8.1 An organisms metabolism transforms matter and
energy, subject to the laws of thermodynamics.
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions is called metabol
CHAPTER 8 AN INTRODUCTION TO METABOLISM
Metabolism, Energy, and Life Knowledge based:
1. Explain the role of catabolic and anabolic pathways in cellular
2. Distinguish between kinetic and potential energy.
Overview: The Process That Feeds the Biosphere
Life on Earth is solar powered.
The chloroplasts of plants use a process called photosynthesis to
capture light energy from the sun and convert it to chemical energy
CHAPTER 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION: HARVESTING
The Principles of Energy Harvest
1. In general terms, distinguish between fermentation and cellular
2. Write the summary equation for cellular respiratio
Harvesting Chemical Energy
Overview: Life Is Work
To perform their many tasks, living cells require energy from outside
Energy enters most ecosystems as sunlight and leaves as heat.
In contrast, the
Morphology refers to the appearance or shape of a bacterium. All of the cells of a given species will
generally have the same shape and size. Three basic shapes are observed in bacteria; spheres,
Summer 2015-BIO 3513
Which of the following is true about endergonic reactions?
The reactants have less potential energy than the products
Cells use the energy released by ATP molecules to fuel.
The reaction that releases energy from ATP breaks the covale
Sickle Cell is caused by a mutation of the gene that helps make hemoglobin, which
a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells. Needless to say, its very
important. People that have two copies of the disease are considered to be
infected. If someone o
1. Did water move into the cell or out of the cells while it was surrounded by hypotonic
Water moved inside of the cell when it was surrounded by the hypotonic solution.
2. In which direction did the water move through the cell membrane when the
1) Photosynthesis Virtual Lab: What colors of the spectrum are
most important for plant growth?
Complete the virtual experiment, reviewing the journal questions
first. Your report will consist of a brief introduction, the
journal question responses & data
Carbon Transfer through Snails and Elodea
Hypothesis: The higher the amount of elodea in the Bromthymol
Blue solution, the lower the CO2 levels will be.
Dependent variable is the variable whose value depends on that
In my experiment, I will me
The structure and functions are highly related. Before doing
this lab and this lesson I never understood how they could affect
each other. Its important to know more about DNA because its in
all of us, from the composition of the base pairs to their uniqu
Virtual Lab: Enzyme Controlled Reactions
1. Which of the following does NOT apply to an enzyme:
d. All of the above apply to an enzyme
2. When an enzyme catalyzes a reaction:
a. Substrate(s) bind in the active
Virtual Lab: The Cell Cycle and Cancer
1. In which phase of mitosis do each of the following occur: Prophase
a. Centromeres split and chromosomes move toward opposite sides of the
b. Chromatin coils to form visible chromosomes
c. The nuclea
Explain why the menu of food choices you made is nutritious, meaning the food choices follow
the government's recommendations for calories and nutrients.
I tend to eat healthy already. I enjoy doing my research and staying informed about the thi
Virtual Lab: Dependent and Independent Variables
1. ECB refers to:
a. A genetically engineered plant that is resistant to insect pests
b. Edible corn byproducts
c. An insect pest that reduces corn yield
d. European corn borer
e. c and d
2. How m
Review Questions over Dialysis Articles
1. What are the three types of dialysis?
b. peritoneal dialysis
2. When does someone need dialysis?
when they develop end stage kidney failure usually by the time they lose 85-90% of
Review of Terms and Concepts over Metabolism
1. What is a good definition for metabolism?
sum of all chemical reactions occurring in the body in a specific time
-usage of energy by the body
2. How do we measure the calories in a food item?
a known amoun
Review Questions over Special Senses
What is the scientific name of the sense of smell? Taste?
Where are receptors for smell located?
A strip of epithelium in the nasal cavities called olfactory epithelium
What is uniq
Review of Nervous Tissue
What makes up the CNS? PNS? ANS?
CNS: Central Nervous System
Integrating, processing, & coordinating sensory data & motor commands
Higher functions such as intelligence, memory, learning, e
Review of Terms and Concepts
For Muscle Tissue
List the characteristics of muscle tissue:
Electrical excitability (conductivity)
Give functions of muscle tissue in the body:
1. Move skeleton
2. Maintain posture
Review of Brain and Spinal Cord
How much does the brain weigh? What is its consistency?
The brain weighs about 3 pounds
The brain has a consistency of Jell-o
What % of oxygen in the blood does the brain use?
What is the only nutrient molecule the brai
Review of Bone Tissue
Name five functions of the skeletal system
3) Source of all blood cells
4) Emergency Energy Source
5) Mineral Reservoir
Draw and label a long bone, labeling diaphysis, epiphyses, medullary cavity, periosteum,
Review questions over Endocrine System
Define hormone, target cell, gland, and endocrine.
Hormone: a substance secreted by the endocrine system that causes a change in the activity of a
Target cell: a cell with specific receptors that when a
Integumentary System Review
What are the components of the Integumentary System?
Name the functions of the skin:
1) Regulate body temperature
2) Protect against pathogen invasion, abrasion, water loss or gain, and forei