Friedrich Engel (1820-1895) !
World History is the consciousness of freedom. !
You cant stay in one place, constantly moving with the times. !
If were going to understand society, we must understand it as two different areas: 1) t
(Jack Heringer) Hegels dialectic describes the progression of history better than any
other one can. His describes the progression of history in terms of freedom in that for example
the Greeks had progressed further than the Persians because they introduc
The object of any man appetite or desire, that is it which he for his part calleth good; and the
object of his hate and aversion, evil; and of his contempt, vile and inconsiderable. Good, evil,
contemptibleall relative words depending on the perso
Test: How does Aristotle make his case? !
Is his case valid? (not asking if Aristotle is consistentasking if hes right)!
Politics forms around the idea that by working together, we can live ourishing lives .!
Best Government in the real w
If there werent a highest good, life would be in vain. Aristotle!
Eudoaimonia: The Highest Good !
Getting along well in life !
Becoming the best version of yourself you can be !
Greek view: to be happy is to be
Short Assignment #6:
1. p. 21, whole page. If the concept of a poison is the concept of "that, whatever it is, which produces
certain effects," what would we need to do to show that a certain substance or stuff is a poison? If the
concept of a mental stat
Short Assignment #9
1. p. 2, paragraph beginning "Let us begin by." What connection does Campbell think there is
between free will and moral responsibility?
Campbell thinks the subject of free will is important because of its implications in the
Short Assignment #10
1. p. 4, the paragraph that begins "How do we reproach ourselves?" and that continues over the
page. Hobart holds that when we praise and blame we are morally characterizing the self who
acted. What notion of the self does Hobart thin
Short Assignment #7
1. In the paragraph beginning "In its simplest form" on p. 200 and the next paragraph
beginning "However, the contradiction," which continues on over to the next page, Mackie
presents an argument that evil is incompatible with the exis
Short Assignment #5
1. Paragraph 4 ("You take my brain out"). Swinburne here provides a second argument for his dualism
(the first is a related argument given in paragraph two). Briefly explain the argument.
Swinburnes split-brain example suggests that if
One of the fields in which Plato offers his insight is philosophical anthropology, which is known
as the theory of being human. To expand on this theory, Plato brings up the example of how he asked a
slave, If I have a square, how can I double the area of