The Golden Horde: the Mongols and Rus
24 Sept. 2013
1. The Mongol invasions
bolt from the blue
battle on the Kalka 1223
Batu (1237) and the Grand Plan
sack of Kiev 1240
2. The Golden Horde: a Volga tribute state
khans: Batu (13th cent.), zbeg (1313-4
NZ Bill of Rights
1981 the Springbok Tour South African rugby tour split country down the middle those
who had been subject to Apartheid (when NZ rugby team went to South Africa, didnt pick
The Trans-Pacific Partnership
Free trade area regional agreement, original document was TransPacific Strategic Economic
Partnership (P4) Agreement between Chile, New Zealand, Singapore, and Brunei all very
export based eco
Line national/international blurred lots of problems!
Major players less affected by this blurred line, clearer in states like America
Sources of international law
o Treaties agreement by consent
All states of UN sign Universal Declaration of Human Rights so, it is general and broad.
It has been attempted to use declaration in courts, but its not intended to be used for that
too vague, aspirational.
Federalism sovereignty divided, different degrees of federalism, sometimes subnational
actors strong or weak, and central weak or strong, depending. US is more strong central, weaker
Initially ILaw concerned only with inter-state relations, but has evolved to individuals
ILaw is means to achieve solutions in international arena
Core principles: Decentralization, consensus, reciprocity,
NZ 1 of only 3 countries in world w/unwritten constitution
NZ became independent by accident
NZs economy is agriculture export agriculture sheep, cows, farming, does this cheaper than
rivals consistently first p
The ECJ as an uncontrolled authority generating law
o Van Gend en Loos v. Netherlands 1963 charged by Netherlands with high customs
duties, which company claimed was against Treaty of Rome, banned all customs.
Why do we know EU is successful? Countries still want to join! Iceland and Turkey want to get in
European Union Law
Council of Europe, cooperation based, European Convention on Human Rights.
Hanseatic League started in what is now N Germany in Lubeck merchants took
Lubeck law with them and used it wherever traded, others begin to adopt it
Thirty Years War ! Peace of Westphalia 1648 creat
Traditionally, international law created by custom, treaties, amongst states Treaty of
Primitive intl institutions- Amphictyonic league of ancient Greece association of Greek tribes
1. Peace of Westphalia 1648 develop concept of one loyalty to leaders/govt of a state
2. The French Revolution 1789 when destroyed king, destroyed legitimacy of state itself b/c he
was the head of the
What the Chronicles do (and dont) tell us
5 Sept. 2013
1. Sources for early history
2. Written texts: stories from the Primary Chronicle
Riurik (862), Kii, Askold and Dir
Oleg (early 10th cent.), Igor (913-945), Olga (945-962) and Sviatoslav (962-972)
Kiev and Byzantium
10 Sept. 2013
1. 988. Vladimir and the choice of Orthodoxy
whats behind the story?
2. Byzantium and the Slavic mission
Cyril (Constantine) and Methodius (860s)
Basil II (976-1025)
3. What did Rus get by adopting Byzantine Christianit
The Mongol Empire
1. Chingiz Khan (r. 1206-1227) and the Mongols
- who were they?
- where did they come from and why?
2. The Mongol Empire: conquests
- Chingiz Khans successors
- China, Persia, Khwarezm, Qipchak
3. The Mongol Empire: how did it work?
Lord Novgorod the Great
1. Political narratives: a review
2. Two medieval cities
3. A new kind of source!
the birchbark excavations
4. Political systems and imperial myths
the White Cowl
Power struggles. The Orthodox Church.
1. After the Mongols: new states
2. A new power: Lithuania (1240-1569)
the dynastic union with Poland, 1385
3. A new power: Moscow
the resettlement thesis
local victories: Moscow v. Tver
Ivan I Kalita (1325-41) an
Black Sea Civilizations: Russia & Antiquity
2 Sept. 2013
1. Alexander Blok, The Scythians.
2. The present and the past: points of contact (and anachronisms)
1917 1783 6th century BC
the conquest of Crimea as a link with Antiquity
3. The Black Sea: Greek
862: The Varangian chief Rurik is invited to rule Novgorod. His brothers Sineus and Truvor take
control of Beloozera and Izborsk, respectively.
904-944: The Rus make seven recorded military campaigns against Constantinople.
882: Oleg moves the capital to
Musorgsky, Khovanshchina: Questions
Please write out detailed answers (or careful notes) to these questions, rather than just
thinking about them.
1 - Write a synopsis of the operas plot, act by act.
2 - Who are the characters? How are they rooted in hist
European Union characterized by : communitarianism, legal mechanisms (rule of law) has supremacy
and direct effect, supra-national, institutions
New Zealand/Australian Relations
Both commonwealth countries with c