6: Spin-off is applied to an innovation that was initially intended for military use but then
diffuses into use by the public, while spin-away describes how similar military and public
technologies diverge over tim
you learn more from success than failure
The Ozone hole discovery was the scary instigator that inciting action by the
government and other Organizations.
Diplomats realized they needed scientific advice
Prices control innovation charge higher prices for things you want to reduce or
incorporate a better technology into and reduce prices on the good things.
Non-appropriability: asymmetry of costs and benefits to the investor vs. others
Governments should i
The Chemistry Behind the Anthropogenic Depletion of the Ozone Layer
It is essential to understand the composition of Earths atmosphere prior to exploring the causes and
ramifications of the ozone depletion. The atmosphere consists
Mid-term exam Reflective Exercise
4. Innovation is best left to market forces and the private sector. Government should
keep its hands off.
Uncle Ben, I would respectfully have to disagree with your statement, for I be
Technology Assessment = Responsible Innovation
Where is technology going?
Where are we taking it?
Is it possible to influence this impact?
Origins of Technology assessment:
First disenchantment with technological progress
caused) climate change is real
This consensus was and still is opposed by a major disinformation campaign
Negotiations center on binding targets for reduction of emissi
Start with gee whiz technology:
Stryker B Wheeled intermediate weight, more deployable than tank, heavier and more
armed than a humvee. See movie: http:/www.youtube.com/watch?
Points: Vehicle comes from military needs. Common
Critical Assessment of Sources Assignment
Do cell phones cause brain cancer and other physiological damage?
Emerging in the late 1970s, the use of mobile phones has increased exponentially
over the last thi
ICC 513 is Office, drop off work there.
Why do we care?
Innovation is key to growth, productivity, and competitiveness as well as
better health, security and environment
Most innovation in private sector
What is health?:
Concepts of human health:
WHO defines health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-
being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
None of us have been healthy, and non
His father, Luis Alvarez won a Nobel Prize
Goes to Italy and his first research idea is to study the rotation of the
microplates in Gubbio.
Looks at magnetism in the rocks because it points to magn
Prof. McNeills lecture
tumultuous era since about 1800
Some indicators: water, air pollution, climate
Industrializations long reach
Geopolitics and environmental tumult
What has health to do with IR?
Security: anything that affects the stability of society or a government
Health affects this
Affects abiity to raise armed forces
Military (including Peace-
Resources arent resources until there is technology to use them:
Oil wasnt a major resource until technology was developed for
These technologies made the modern economy possible, but the Faustian
Size of bubbles corresponds to how much different countries are spending on R&D
(US is 33% of total spending in the world, in 1990 wouldve been 40%) China is now
second largest spender in R&D in the world (China ha
Most technological innovation takes place in business
Definitions: Elements of Management
Control: control over whats going on.
Guide: tell which direction to go
Administer: keep track of whats going on
Research is dependent substantially on NGOs and willingness of government
to promote a guaranteed market for vaccine
This is due to vaccines not being business-
friendly since there is no
real market fo