April 3, 2012
I. Semantics focuses on the literal meaning of language itself (truth conditional
II. We also studied meaning relationships between words and propositions (e.g.
metonymy, synonymy, hyponymy, entailment, tautology).
Perception of Linguistic Variation Among
Kathleen Kirk and Emma Nealon
Introduction to Language
May 10, 2010
The study of linguistic variation and perception focuses on sociolinguistics and interspeak
Linguistics Project Data:
1. Where are you from?
2. Do you feel you speak differently than your peers?
3. How so? Is it the words you use or your accent, or even your pace?
4. Do you feel the majority of people at Georgetown speak
I. Dennis Prestons Do you Speak American
a. Dennis Preston has done numerous language and attitude studies throughout
the United States
b. His studies have shown that note only do dialects vary throughout the country,
but so do Americans perceptions of ea
Dennis Prestons Do you Speak American Study
Every time we speak, we give
listeners information about ourselves
and where were from
Questions from listeners: Where are
found that people interact this way
as they travel around the count
Language, attitude, and perception draw many ties to one another especially in a very
culturally and linguistically diverse country, such as the United States. Dr. Dennis Preston, a
famed American linguist, has conducted numerous studie
Meaning: what we know when we understand a bit of language
o Out there in the world
Ex: Can you close the door?
o Literal meaning
o Speakers meaning
Ex 2: Its raining outside
o Literal Meaning: Its raining outside
o Speakers meaning:
-Wear a raincoat; st